Archive for Reparations

Second state offers reparations to eugenic forced sterilization victims

Posted in Ernst Rudin, Eugenics in North Carolina, Eugenics in Virginia, Forced Sterilization, Reparations with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on March 4, 2015 by saynsumthn

On March 20, 1924 the Virginia General Assembly passed two racist laws “The Racial Integrity Act” and “The Sterilization Act

Virginia’s Racial Integrity Act was overseen by an avid eugenicist named Walter Ashby Plecker.

Plecker became a darling of the Eugenics movement and at one point he dined at the New York home of another famous eugenicist Harry H. Laughlin.

Laughlin was an official with both the American Eugenics Society and Planned Parenthood founder, Margaret Sanger’s American Birth Control League

Laughlin was also an unabashed Nazi sympathizer.

Harry Laughlin BCR Margaret Sanger

In 1932, Plecker gave a keynote speech at the Third International Conference on Eugenics in New York.

Among those in attendance was Ernst Rudin of Germany and in 1933, Rudin’s call for racial purity was published in Sanger’s Birth Control Review.

Ernst Rudin Eugenics Nazi Margaret Sanger Maafa21

Later, according to the documentary film, Maafa21, Rudin would be chosen by Hitler to write Germany’s eugenics laws and, at one point, he personally helped the Gestapo round-up and sterilize between 500 and 600 blacks who they referred to as “Rhineland bastards.” After the war, Rudin would be identified as one of the architects of the barbaric medical experiments that the Nazis carried out in their concentration camps.

Walter Ashby Plecker Eugenics racism Quote

When Hitler’s sterilizations were reported in the United States Plecker wrote a letter to the German Bureau of Human Betterment and Eugenics praising them for the action and expressing his hope that not one child had been missed.

Ten years earlier, Plecker had written that African-Americans were “the greatest problem and most destructive force which confronts the white race and American civilization.”

Virginia’s Racial Integrity Act played havoc on couples who wished to marry but were of different races. In June, 1958, two residents of Virginia, Mildred Jeter, a Black woman, and Richard Loving, a white man, were married in the District of Columbia pursuant to its laws. Shortly after their marriage, the Lovings returned to Virginia and established their marital abode in Caroline County. At the October Term, 1958, of the Circuit Court of Caroline County, a grand jury issued an indictment charging the Lovings with violating Virginia’s ban on interracial marriages.

On January 6, 199, the Lovings pleaded guilty to the charge, and were sentenced to one year in jail; however, the trial judge suspended the sentence for a period of 25 years on the condition that the Lovings leave the State and not return to Virginia together for 25 years.

Eugenical Sterilization Act

Between 1927 to 1979, Virginia sterilized about 8,000 people deemed unfit to reproduce for reasons such as mental illness, physical deformity or homelessness.

The Virginia Eugenical Sterilization Act declared that “heredity plays an important part in the transmission of insanity, idiocy, imbecility, epilepsy, and crime.”

The act was based on Harry Laughlin’s Model Law.

Harry Laughlin BCR

Laughlin was an official with both the American Eugenics Society and Margaret Sanger’s American Birth Control League and, in 1928, his plan for using forced sterilization to eliminate those who might produce what he called “degenerate offspring” was published in the Birth Control Review.

Just a few years prior, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld Buck v. Bell, a case challenging Virginia’s eugenics sterilization law, a model law used by many other states to sterilize their people.

VA Eugenic Sterilization Law Upheld

In deciding Carrie Buck’s fate, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, wrote, “Carrie Buck is a feeble minded white woman who was committed to the State Colony above mentioned in due form. She is the daughter of a feeble minded mother in the same institution, and the mother of an illegitimate feeble minded child. She was eighteen years old at the time of the trial of her case in the Circuit Court, in the latter part of 1924. An Act of Virginia, approved March 20, 1924, recites that the health of the patient and the welfare of society may be promoted in certain cases by the sterilization of mental defectives, under careful safeguard, that the sterilization may be effected in males by vasectomy and in females by salpingectomy, without serious pain or substantial danger to life; that the Commonwealth is supporting in various institutions many defective persons who, if now discharged, would become a menace, but, if incapable of procreating, might be discharged with safety and become self-supporting with benefit to themselves and to society, and that experience has shown that heredity plays an important part in the transmission of insanity, imbecility…The statute then enacts that, whenever the superintendent of certain institutions, including the above-named State Colony, shall be of opinion that it is for the best interests of the patients and of society that an inmate under his care should be sexually sterilized, he may have the operation performed upon any patient afflicted with hereditary forms of insanity, imbecility…on complying with the very careful provisions by which the act protects the patients from possible abuse.”


“The judgment finds the facts that have been recited, and that Carrie Buck “is the probable potential parent of socially inadequate offspring, likewise afflicted, that she may be sexually sterilized without detriment to her general health, and that her welfare and that of society will be promoted by her sterilization,” and thereupon makes the order.”


Holmes went on to state, “It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime, or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind … Three generations of imbeciles are enough.”

According to the Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, it is likely that Carrie’s mother, Emma Buck, was committed to a state institution because she was considered sexually promiscuous, that the same diagnosis was made about Carrie when she became an unwed mother at the age of 17 due to being raped, and that her daughter Vivian was diagnosed as “not quite normal” at the age of six months largely in support of the legal effort to sterilize Carrie.

The law was eventually overturned and in 2002, Virginia’s Governor apologized to the victims.

VA Gov Apologizes for Sterilization Eugenics

Now, the state of Virginia has decided to compensate the victims of forced sterilization and the General Assembly has set up a fund which should give $25,000 to each victim.

The appropriation makes Virginia the second state to take such action following North Carolina.

The North Carolina effort was due in part to the moving testimony of eugenics victim, Elaine Riddick. Her story has been captured in the film, Maafa21 available here

Another state considers reparations for Eugenics Sterilization Victims

Posted in Eugenics by State, Virginia Eugenics with tags , , , , on August 7, 2012 by saynsumthn

The Washington Post is reporting that Del. Patrick Hope (D-Arlington) called on the state to compensate people it forcibly sterilized under a eugenics law enforced as recently as 1979.

Between 1927 to 1979, Virginia sterilized about 8,000 people deemed unfit to reproduce for reasons such as mental illness, physical deformity or homelessness.

“Compensating these individuals is the just and right thing to do,” Hope said in a prepared statement. “This year marks the 85th anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court’s Buck v. Bell decision, which upheld Virginia’s 1924 eugenics sterilization law, a model law used by many other states to sterilize their people.”

Hope made the announcement in the House briefing room. According to Hope’s office, 7,500 Virginians were forcibly sterilized by the state during the 53 years eugenics was practiced in the state.

Virginia’s eugenics law was upheld by the 1924 Supreme Court Decision Buck v. Bell. The law wasn’t overturned until 1977. It became a model for laws adopted in other states, and mandated involuntary surgical sterilization for any hereditary illness or disability. At the time, this included mental illness, alcoholism, developmental disabilities, even ‘immorality.’

Ten years ago then Governor Mark Warner issued a formal apology for the practice, but today Del. Hope is expected to ask Governor Bob McDonnell and the General Assembly to provide a “symbolic payment” to eugenics victims.

North Carolina is also discussing Reparations for their Eugenics Victims. Read More Here

“They cut me open like I was a hog,” said Elaine Riddick, who was sterilized at age 14. “I didn’t even know nothing about this stuff.”
Riddick, now 57, said her only crime was being poor, BLACK, and from a bad home environment.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Maafa21’s Elaine Riddick speaks at NC Eugenics …, posted with vodpod

Listen to what the State of North Carolina’s Eugenic Board (Funded by Margaret Sanger supporter- Clarence Gamble more below) did to this “African American woman” : Elaine Riddick

( this clip below from the powerful documentary on eugenics and black genocide called: Maafa21 )

Clarence Gamble a supporter and funder of the founder of Planned Parenthood’s founder Margaret Sanger… funded the North Carolina Eugenics Society which sterilized this woman and many black women as well. Click Here : Clarence Gamble.

Gamble also supported Margaret Sanger’s Birth Control Movement. Sanger was the founder of Planned Parenthood and she had many of her board members and presidents were members of the American Eugenics Society.

According to the North Carolina Winston-Salem Journal, “Clarence Gamble who helped found the Human Betterment League of North Carolina in 1947 did so to promote eugenic sterilization. Journal research shows a long history of abuses in the N.C. sterilization program – abuses that Gamble consistently glossed over..” Gamble wanted sterilizations to increase rather than decrease, and increase they did.

Think the targeting of blacks for sterilization was coincidence? Just like they way they are targeted today for abortion??? Think again:

Read what Planned Parenthood Founder, Margaret Sanger, wrote to Dr. Clarence Gamble (who funded the State of North Carolina’s Eugenics Programs) in a letterdated December 19, 1939,
We should hire three or four colored ministers, preferably with social-service backgrounds, and with engaging personalities. The most successful educational approach to the Negro is through a religious appeal. The minister’s work is also important and also he should be trained, perhaps by the Federation [of Eugenicists] as to our ideals and the goal that we hope to reach. We don’t want the word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.” that plan was called “The NEGRO Project”.

Read all the ways Eugenics Financier Clarence Gamble supporter Planned Parenthood’s founder: Margaret Sanger, on the website of the Pathfinder Website, an organization founded by Clarence Gamble Here

Learn More on eugenics in the film Maafa21 (trailer below)

No reparations – just an apology for a racist past: Blacks file Suit against Obama & Democrats

Posted in Black Conservative, Black Genocide, Black Victims, Democrat, Obama, Wayne Perryman with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on September 23, 2011 by saynsumthn

Click here to read the lawsuit

Blacks file Class Action Racial Discrimination Suit Against Obama & Democrats

• Posted by Robert Oliver (MoveonUp) on September 12, 2011 at 1:30pm

SEATTLE, WA — On September 11, 2011, blacks from the West Coast and the East Coast joined together and signed one of the most comprehensive legal briefs ever prepared on racial discrimination, then filed their brief today, September 12th, at 9:00 AM Pacific Daylight Time in US District Court in Seattle (Case No. C11 – 1503). The plaintiffs, who refer to the defendants as “Father of Racism,” allege that as an organization, the Democratic Party has consistently refused to apologize for the role they played in slavery and Jim Crow laws and for other subsequent racist practices from 1792 to 2011. Rev. Wayne Perryman, a former Democrat himself and the lead plaintiff in this class action lawsuit, said he was inspired to file this action after seeing the recent movie The Help. The movie takes place in the region that was exclusively controlled by Democrats for more than 150 years (the South). Mrs. Frances P. Rice, the Chair of the National Black Republican Association is also a plaintiff in the lawsuit. Mrs. Rice is a resident of Sarasota, Florida and has lived in the the South most of her life.

The case cites the collective work of over 350 legal scholars and includes Congressional records, case law, research from our nation’s top history professors, racist statements from Democratic elected officials, citations from the Democrat’s National Platforms regarding their support of slavery, excepts of speeches from Senator Obama, individual testimonies from blacks who lived in the Jim Crow South and opinions from the NAACP.

Perryman said President Obama was named as a defendant not only because he is the official leader of the Democratic Party, but because of certain statements he made about his own party in his book, Dreams from My Father. In 2009, the President was asked to issue an apology to blacks on behalf of his party, but he refused. Unlike other reparations lawsuits, this lawsuit merely asks for a public apology but no monetary damages.

In the 40-page brief, Rev. Perryman tells the court that the Democratic Party, (the party that is quick to call the Tea Party and Republicans racist), is the same party that refuses to confess and/or acknowledge (in public and on their website) that they are the party that supported the institution that packed millions of black men, women and children in the deep dark hulls of slave ships with just barely enough food and water to keep them alive, and forced them to lie in their own urine, feces, and vomit for the duration of a long trip across the Atlantic. And after arriving in America, it was the members of their party that forced these poor souls to work from sunup to sundown for the next 70 years and never paid them one dime. And when the black victims were fortunate enough to escape, it was the Democratic Party that passed Fugitive Slave laws to return them to their brutal slave masters. When their inhumane institution of slavery was challenged by the opposing party, Democrats countered by placing threats in their political platforms (1844-1856), – threatening anyone who dared to interfere with what they called, “the sectional issue of Domestic Slavery.” On May 21, 1856, they carried out their threats when they attacked their opposition, Senator Charles Sumner with a walking cane on the Senate floor and when they attacked with guns, freed blacks and abolitionists on the streets of Lawrence, Kansas. Six years later, Democrats called themselves ‘Confederates” and went to war killing thousands to defend and protect their racist institution of slavery. After losing the war, they fought against constitutional amendments and civil rights legislation for blacks, and chose instead to form terrorist organizations, legislate Black Codes and Jim Crow Laws and support every landmark case that was designed to deny blacks their constitutional rights including the Slaughterhouse Case,Plessy v Ferguson, the Civil Rights Cases of 1881 to overturn the 1875 Civil Rights Act, and Brown v. the Board of Education. While many of these cases were pending, Democrats proudly adopted the name “The Party of White Supremacy” and committed every inhumane violent act known to mankind (from 1867 to 1977) to keep blacks in “their place.” And to add insult to injury, after killing millions of blacks through their racist institutions, they hired powerful attorneys to keep this information from blacks and to avoid apologizing to blacks.

Perryman said, “Any organization that has such a racist history and receives 97% of the African American vote (after doing all they could to deny blacks the right to vote), should willingly apologize without being forced do so through a lawsuit. He said, “I guess they feel they have nothing to apologize for.” Perryman went on to say that he is “convinced that Democrats will only apologize if the media, or the courts (with public pressure) will force them to do so. The man who authored the book: The Audacity of Hope, now has the “audacity” to refuse to apologize forhis political party and their racist institutions, that took the lives of millions of his own people.

Apologies for Racism – Precedent Set

In the 40-page brief covering a period from 1792 to 2011, Perryman makes the following claims regarding past apologies for racism and racial injustices. Perryman said history reveals that an apology or reparation for blacks would not be an issue today had the Democratic President Andrew Johnson chosen to sign Senate Bill 60. Since Johnson’s veto of Senate Bill 60, the door for reparations involving racial injustices remained closed for over 120 years. In 1988, Congress opened that door with the passage of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988. Under that new bill, Japanese internment victims received an apology plus $20,000 each in reparation pay. In 1993, the victims of the Rosewood, Florida Massacre received an apology and reparations from the State of Florida. On May 16, 1997, President Clinton issued an apology to the victims of the Tuskegee Experiment and paid the African American victims a total of $10,000,000 in reparations. On February 7, 2005, the 109th Congress issued Senate Resolution 39and apologized for not enacting lynching laws to protect those who were victims of lynching. In that resolution, Congress stopped short of acknowledging that all of the lynchings took place in regions controlled by Democrats. And finally on January 20, 2007, the Executive Committee of the Democratic Party of North Carolina apologized for the 1898 riot and massacre that killed several black Republicans and drove them out of office.

Who is Rev. Wayne Perryman?
Rev. Wayne Perryman is the same Seattle-area minister who used his biblical research in 1994 to persuaded the world’s two largest Christian publishers and the Encyclopedia Britannica to apologize and remove the “Curse of Ham” theory from all of their publications. The curse theory had existed for over 500 years and was used by Southern Christians and Democrats to justify slavery and their mistreatment of blacks.

Obama’s References to His Party’s Racist Past
President Barack Obama is one of the only black elected officials and one of the only black leaders in modern-day history – who has openly discussed how badly Democrats have treated black voters and he does so in his book: Dreams From My Father. The book highlights a conversation where black Democrats referred to their relationship with the Democratic Party as “Plantation Politics.” (p. 147). Obama reports that during this conversation blacks in the barber shop asked themselves, why do they keep voting Democrat when blacks have “the worst jobs, the worst housing, Police brutality rampant, … and we all line up and vote the straight Democratic ticket. Sell our soul for a Christmas Turkey. White folks spitting in our faces and we’d reward them with the vote.”Obama also states in his book that some white Democrats said they would “vote Republican before voting for a black [Democrat] to be mayor” of Chicago. (p. 148)

During Obama’s Victory Speech on November 5, 2008 he talked about Ann Nixon Cooper, a black woman who could not vote because of his party’s voting policies in the South and during that same speech he referred to “the buses in Montgomery, the hoses in Birmingham, the bridge in Selma and the preacher from Atlanta,” – all racist situations that occurred in areas where Democrat elected officials were in control.He also talked about his party’s racist past during his March 18, 2008 speech regarding Rev.Wright. The then Senator Obama said, “…so many of the disparities that exist in the African American community today can be traced directly to the inequalities passed on from an earlier generation that suffered under the [Democrat’s] brutal legacy of slavery and Jim Crow.”Obama, a student of history knew that his party made the following statements in several of their national platforms:DEMOCRATS’ 1844 PLATFORM for SLAVERY“All efforts by the abolitionist and others made to induce Congress to interfere withquestions of slavery… are calculated to lead to the most alarming and dangerousconsequences….”

“The Democratic Party standing on this national platform will abide by and adhere to a faithful execution of the acts [meaning Fugitive Slave Laws]… for reclaiming fugitives…. The Democratic Party will resist all attempts at renewing in Congress or out of it, the agitation of the slavery question, under whatever shape or color the attempt is made.” Not one Democrat voted for the 13th Amendment to end slavery and as a party, Democrats did not vote to pass the 14th Amendment to make blacks citizens nor did they support the 15th Amendment to give blacks the right to vote.Obama is one of the only black leaders who have acknowledge these wrongs by his party. so with this lawsuit we are simply asking: based on what he knows about his party’s racist past and how they have treated black folks, why is he and the leaders of his party reluctant to issue a public apology?

Celebrating Civil Rights and Martin Luther King Day with the powerful documentary on Black Genocide : Maafa 21

Posted in Abortion, Alveda King, Black Abortion Stats, Black Babies, Black Conservative, Black Genocide, Black History Month, Black Pastor, Black Victims, Civil Rights, Eugenics, Maafa21, MLK with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on January 3, 2011 by saynsumthn

Some call it Civil Rights Day. Others call it Dr. Martin Luther King Day. Whatever you choose to call it, the Christian civil rights leader’s birthday is being remembered during the Festival For Life on Jan. 17 at the Wesley Biblical Seminary in Jackson, Miss.

A group of black pastors is organizing the event to draw attention to what they see as the next wave of the civil rights movement King helped pioneer: dignity and equal protection for unborn children.

Festival For Life will show five pro-life videos, including “Maafa 21,” which features pro-life activist Dr. Alveda King, King’s niece. The event is sponsored by American Family Radio and Pro-Life Mississippi.

“It is very important to point out that the Life issue is one of, if not the most serious civil rights issue that any people, African Americans or any other people, have ever faced,” Pastor Joseph Parker of Campbell Church African Methodist Episcopal church in Pulaski, Tenn., told LifeSiteNews. “If ever there was a civil rights issue worth standing up for, this is it!”

Pro-Life Mississippi is also holding an event called “The Gospel and the Cry of the Fatherless” on January 21-22. The two-day conference will focus on abortion, adoption and the plight of fatherless children.

Wrapping up January’s agenda, the group is holdings its 24th annual Pro-Life Mississippi “Candlelight Prayer Vigil for the Unborn” on January 22 at 6 p.m. at the Mississippi State Capitol Building.

Civil Rights? Dr. Alveda King and Pastor Stephen Broden on Glenn Beck

Posted in Alveda King, Black Conservative, Black Panthers, Black Pastor, Black Victims, Black Women, Communist, Glenn Beck, Margaret Sanger, Pastor Stephen Broden, Planned Parenthood, Socialism with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on July 17, 2010 by saynsumthn

7-16-2010 Glenn Beck Show:





More on Stephen Broden and Dr. Alveda King in this blog – go to main page

Stephen Broden and Dr. Alveda King were both featured in the powerful documentary- Maafa21.

Maafa21 : New film exposes Eugenics and Black Genocide from Abortion

And now, a stunning new movie lays it all out with incredible documentation.

The film is called Maafa 21 and it exposes a plan to create “racial purity” that began 150 years ago and is still being carried out right now.

It’s about the ties between the Nazis, the American eugenics movement and today’s “family planning” cartel.

It’s about elitism, secret agendas, treachery and corruption at the highest levels of political and corporate America.

Maafa 21 will show you things the media has been hiding and politicians don’t want you to know.

So if you’re ready to see the real agenda behind “choice,” fasten your seatbelts …


Watch Maafa21 and get more on Black Genocide in 21st Century America:
(Short Clip:)

Reparations, slavery, and eugenics

Posted in Abortion, birth control, Black Genocide, Constitution, Darwin, Eugenics, Evolution, Health Care, Hitler, Holdren, Margaret Sanger, Nazi, Planned Parenthood, Racism, Religion, Sterilization with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on August 11, 2009 by saynsumthn

African American Leaders call for Reparations to Erase Past Evils of Slavery and Race Based Genocide

Entertainment Desk
July 15, 2009

In a new film, MAAFA21 ( by Mark Crutcher, several African American leaders calling for reparations appear to discuss the current situation of Black genocide, linking today´s existing patterns of race selection and population control to the days of slavery in America. The film highlights modern day funders of eugenics, linking them to companies that financed efforts to reduce or eliminate the Negro population at the time slavery was ending in America.

Today, many Black leaders are adding their voices to their predecessors who decried abortion, forced sterilization, and mandated birth control in the late sixties and early seventies. These same leaders are calling on population control magnates to use their billions to end eugenics and genocidal practices that are being promoted globally today in the 21st century.

Reparations should start with organizations like the Rockefeller Foundation, Proctor and Gamble, Planned Parenthood, The Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice, and all of the entities that are capitalizing on genocide and eugenics in the world today. This includes those who are investing billions in population control programs. Even those in high ranking positions in government should not be exempt, including U.S. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg who recently made a revealing admission in favor of cleansing America of unwanted populations by aborting them,” said spokespersons for a growing number of voices in favor of reparations.

Yes, we´re talking about dollars and cents, but we are also talking about healing,” say spokespersons Pastor Stephen Broden of Dallas, Texas, Dr. Johnny Hunter, National Director of LEARN, and Pastor Luke Robinson of Frederick, MD.

Who needs to write the check? Those who fund the genocide – not the taxpayers! Not long ago, many of us got rebate checks in the mail, followed by the promises of a stimulus package. We can all see how little good that did for the economy,” say the leaders.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. once spoke of a check marked insufficient funds,” says his niece, Dr. Alveda King. “America is once again facing spiritual and moral bankruptcy, even in the face of the looming economic crisis.”

MAAFA21 reveals and evaluates the effects of eugenics and genocide on Black American families and communities, uncovering and unveiling those forces that drive the destruction of targeted ethnic groups.

Herein, the concept of reparations is important and timely. It´s important, obviously, because of the grave evil that slavery was and that genocide is today. Just as slavery led to a succession of more evils, today genocide leads to the decimation of the African American community. Fully one-fourth of the black population of the United States has gone missing because genocide takes their lives before they can enjoy liberty or pursue happiness. It is time to restore the personhood of all people, regardless of skin color or gestational age. This means that we have to repent for all forms of racism, including skin color and gestational age. Slavery and womb lynching have a lot in common. They are destroyers of life and dignity.

In America, slavery and racism were followed by Jim Crow laws, segregation, and lynching. Subsequent solutions such as the crippling welfare system, forced sterilization, mandated birth control methods and abortions are bandages on wounds that still need to be healed.

We must also remember that the linchpin of slavery is the emasculation of the Black man. By taking away his God ordained headship of marriage and family, a serious blow is struck to human society as a whole. Our men must be restored!

We, the undersigned Black pastors and leaders take up the mantle to pray for and guide our communities in the process of breaking the bonds of oppression, even as our forefathers did before us.

Oppression is a double-edged sword, enslaving the victim while binding the oppressor. In order to maintain the system from which he benefits materially, the oppressor has to believe and bankroll a lie. Then, to maintain his belief that he is somehow inherently superior, he has to fabricate more and more lies every time the truth of what he´s doing sears his conscience. The oppressed die physically, the oppressors die spiritually.

We must repent for going against the truth that all people are created from one blood (Acts 17:26). Then we must repair the broken and abused. This way, The Beloved Community of Dr. King can emerge. We urge all people no matter your economic or ethnic estate, to embrace the call for reparations. Contact your elected officials, and those in the economic strata and call for reparations for America´s genocide. Tomorrow depends on it.


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