Archive for Population Control

Planned Parenthood’s Earth Day Message: No Babies

Posted in Condom, Earth Day, Planned Parenthood Earth Day, Population Control with tags , , , , , on April 28, 2014 by saynsumthn

Planned Parenthood has been tweeting their “free condoms” for “Earth Day” promos.

PP Earth Day Condoms

PP EarthDay COndom

What exactly are they trying to say- STOP HAVING BABIES?

That would make sense and be in line with their founder, Margaret Sanger’s, population control beliefs.

NoMoreChildren3c18854uw

No More Babies‘ was the title of a 1947 reel by British Pathe, where John Parsons’s interviewed Planned Parenthood founder, Margaret Sanger.

In the vid, Margaret Sanger advocates “No More Children in Starving Countries for the Next Ten Years”

(View it here)

Sanger Pathe

Below is an edited version placed on YouTube and leaves out “in starving countries”?

John Parsons asks Sanger, “But Mrs. Slee in this country having babies is the only thing left which is both unrationed and untaxed, do you think we really ought to stop?”

Margaret Sanger replies, “Well I suppose a subject like that is really so personal that it is entirely up to the parents to decide, but from my view I believe there should be no more babies And this part was left off?: in starving countries for the next ten years….”

In 1964, Planned Parenthood founder, Margaret Sanger said she believed that it would take the US Government to accept “Population Control” to convince other nations to do the same.

I just don’t so how we can control the birth rate until we get the government to agree that this is something which should be taken seriously. Other countries feel that if our government is against it, it must be bad. Americans would be much more acceptable when they go abroad to work on the problem if we get our government to approve it- perhaps under some such term as population control,” Sanger stated.

Sanger 1965 Population Control

That ideology was backed up by Planned Parenthood president, Alan Guttmacher who happened to be a former VP of the American Eugenics Society. Guttmacher wanted the US to use “Voluntary Means” of Population control and then use coercion if needed. But he had a better solution- legalize ABORTION.

guttmachr

In 1969, Alan Guttmacher as then President of Planned Parenthood-World Population, said this: “ I would like to give our voluntary means of population control full opportunity in the next 10 to 12 years. Then , if these don’t succeed, we may have to go into some kind of coercion, not worldwide, but possibly in such places as India, Pakistan, and Indonesia, where pressures are the greatest…There is no question that birth rates can be reduced all over the world if legal abortion is introduced…”

Read more about Guttmacher’s Population Control Agenda here

Blacks sterilized by eugenics program funded by Margaret Sanger supporter

Posted in Clarence Gamble, Elaine Riddick, Eugenics in North Carolina, Eugenics Review, Life Dynamics, Margaret Sanger and AES, North Carolina Eugenics with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 11, 2014 by saynsumthn

Maafa21 logo by Life Dynamics originally published here

Apr 11, 2014 10:57:00 AM

Eugenic sterilization programs existed in America in at least 31 states. Many of the women forced or coerced into sterilization were black.

From 1929 to 1974, the state of North Carolina forcibly sterilized thousands of people who were deemed to be mentally handicapped, promiscuous or unfit to have children.

Life Dynamics has documented the history of the American Eugenics Society including North Carolina’s forced sterilization program in their film, Maafa21: Black Genocide in 21st Century America.

Eugenics Society member, Margaret Sanger, who later founded Planned Parenthood, also advocated sterilization of the so-called unfit.

In 1950 Sanger advocated eugenic sterilization in a personal letter she wrote to Katharine Dexter McCormick, an heir to the International Harvester fortune who used her immense wealth to fund the development of the birth-control pill.

Sanger wrote, “I consider that the world and almost our civilization for the next twenty-five years, is going to depend upon a simple, cheap, safe contraceptive to be used in poverty stricken slums, jungles, and among the most ignorant people. Even this will not be sufficient, because I believe that now, immediately; there should be national sterilization for certain dysgenic types of our population who are being encouraged to breed and would die out were the government not feeding them.”

Sanger I Consider

Sanger’s connections to eugenics was nothing new. She had long praised their ideologies and published several articles on the topic in her Birth Control Review.

In 1935, Sanger’s American Birth Control League published a resolution to unite with the American Eugenics Society.

Sanger 1935abcl-eugenics

Mark Crutcher, President of Life Dynamics elaborates, “These ties between eugenics and Planned Parenthood’s founder were so well established that Sanger, who was a long standing member of the American Eugenics Society, once pursued a plan to merge the American Birth Control League, or Planned Parenthood as it was later called, with the American Eugenics Society. However, despite Sanger’s strong support for the merger, it would eventually be rejected by the leadership of the American Eugenics Society. Sanger then pushed a proposal that would have combined the publications of the two organizations into one magazine. But again, that idea was also rejected by the American Eugenics Society.”

In 1939, Sanger described the American Birth Control League’s Negro Project in a letter to fellow eugenicist, Clarence Gamble, “The minister’s work is also important and also he should be trained, perhaps by the Federation as to our ideals and the goal that we hope to reach. We do not want the word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.”

SangerNegroQuote

Gamble was a heir to the Proctor and Gamble fortune and a major financial backer of Sanger’s.

Gamble was also a director of Margaret Sanger’s American Birth Control League, which later changed its name to Planned Parenthood.

Gamble Sterilization EU

In 1947, Gamble called for the expansion of North Carolina’s State’s sterilization program saying that for every feeble minded person sterilized, 40 more were polluting and degrading the bloodlines of future generation with their defective genes.

Research from North Carolina’s Winston-Salem Journal reveals a long history of abuses in the N.C. sterilization program — abuses that Gamble consistently glossed over. According to the Journal, “Gamble wanted sterilizations to increase rather than decrease, and increase they did.”

But merely wanting the sterilizations to happen was not enough for this Margaret Sanger supporter. Clarence Gamble put his money where his eugenics views were and actually funded the North Carolina Eugenics Board that sterilized many blacks, including 14 year old Elaine Riddick.

This is her story excerpted from Life Dynamics’ film: Maafa21:

Shortly after this interview in Maafa21, Elaine Riddick testified before the North Carolina State Legislature in a successful effort to receive compensation for the sterilization.

They cut me open like I was a hog,” Elaine Riddick testified tearfully, “I didn’t even know nothing about this stuff.”

Riddick told the lawmakers that her only crime was being poor, BLACK, and from a bad home environment.

North Carolina was not the only state whose eugenics programs were influenced by friends of Sanger or Planned Parenthood. In some parts of the country, Planned Parenthood was closely associated with these state eugenics boards and was often a referral agency for them.
PP Eugenics Tree
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In fact, documents from eugenics publications reveal that ‪later, as Sanger’s American Birth Control League morphed into Planned Parenthood they received rent free space from ‪the Eugenics Society.

A fact which is rarely reported is that, in many places, Planned Parenthood was one and the same as the Eugenics Society.

For example, when the first birth control clinic was opened in Arkansas, it was operated by the Arkansas Eugenics Association and overseen by a woman named Hilda Cornish.
Hilda Cornish ARK eugenics Society letter

Later the Arkansas Eugenics Association would become the Arkansas State Affiliate of Planned Parenthood and Cornish would be named its executive director.

Planned Parenthood ARK eugenics society

Supporters and directors of Margaret Sanger were, like her, entrenched in eugenics. Sanger’s backers knew that they were promoting views that would limit the population of a certain group or race of people, primarily African Americans. Their eugenics agenda reached into the lives of innocent and unsuspecting victims like Elaine Riddick with programs of coerced sterilization. But Elaine represents merely a fraction of the black women affected by eugenics.

Over the years the names of these organizations may have changed but their eugenics agenda remains the same and are targeting more unsuspecting people today.

Elaine Riddick

Euphemisms and sterilization target code words, for example, “feebleminded”, were used to describe Black women like me, Elaine Riddick. I was forcibly sterilized at the age of 14 years under North Carolina’s inhumane forced sterilization policy. A policy that was derived from Margaret Sanger’s Planned Parenthood population control handbook, which spread across the United States by her loyal band of eugenicists and lobbying our elected officials,” Elaine Riddick wrote recently.

For more on the forced sterilization of Black women and the eugenics movement, watch Maafa21.

For more on Life Dynamics go here http://www.lifedynamics.com

Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger: US must push Population Control

Posted in Margaret Sanger, NSSM200, Population Control with tags , , , , , , , on March 5, 2014 by saynsumthn

In 1964, Planned Parenthood founder, Margaret Sanger said she believed that it would take the US Government to accept “Population Control” to convince other nations to do the same.

I just don’t have the feeling that we can control it,” the Planned Parenthood founder said about the population.
I don’t see how we can control the birth rate until we get the government to agree that this is something which should be taken seriously. Other countries feel that if our government is against it, it must be bad. Americans would be much more acceptable when they go abroad to work on the problem if we get our government to approve it- perhaps under some such term as population control,” Sanger stated.

Sanger 1965 Population Control

That ideology was backed up by Planned Parenthood president, Alan Guttmacher who happened to be a former VP of the American Eugenics Society. Guttmacher wanted the US to use “Voluntary Means” of Population control and then use coercion if needed. But he had a better solution- legalize ABORTION.

guttmachr

In 1969, Alan Guttmacher as then President of Planned Parenthood-World Population, said this: “ I would like to give our voluntary means of population control full opportunity in the next 10 to 12 years. Then , if these don’t succeed, we may have to go into some kind of coercion, not worldwide, but possibly in such places as India, Pakistan, and Indonesia, where pressures are the greatest…There is no question that birth rates can be reduced all over the world if legal abortion is introduced…”

Read more about Guttmacher’s Population Control Agenda here

NSSM200

On December 10, 1974, the United States National Security Council promulgated National Security Study Memorandum 200 (NSSM-200), also called The Kissinger Report. This document explicitly laid out a detailed strategy by which the United States would aggressively promote population control in developing nations in order to regulate (or have better access to) the natural resources of these countries.

In order to protect U.S. commercial interests, NSSM-200 cited a number of factors that could interrupt the smooth flow of materials from lesser-developed countries, LDCs as it called them, to the United States, including a large population of anti-imperialist youth, who must, according to NSSM-200, be limited by population control. The document identified 13 nations by name that would be primary targets of U.S.-funded population control efforts.

NSSM 200 2

According to NSSM-200, elements of the implementation of population control programs could include: a) the legalization of abortion; b) financial incentives for countries to increase their abortion, sterilization and contraception-use rates; c) indoctrination of children; and d) mandatory population control, and coercion of other forms, such as withholding disaster and food aid unless an LDC implements population control programs.

Who would be used to carry out this Population Control Plan? According to the documentary film Maafa21 – NSSM says it would be Planned Parenthood among others.

Abortion owner who once said she tried to get as many people sterilized as are in her way, has died

Posted in Florida Abortion Clinics, Haiti, Joyce Tarnow with tags , , , , , , , , , , on February 26, 2014 by saynsumthn

32106_1488414287304_4924614_nFormer Florida Abortion Clinic owner, Joyce Tarnow died February 21, 2014 at the age of 74 years old, after a two year battle with cancer.

Joyce Tarnow moved from Chicago to Miami Dade County in 1962, to Broward County in 1974 and to Dixie County in 2007.

She attended Miami Dade Community College 1968-1970

Tarnow organized the Miami Chapter of Zero Population Growth in 1970 following Earth Day at U.M. where she picked up a copy of Paul Ehrlich’s book,”The Population Bomb.”

Tarnow served on the national board of Zero Population Growth 1972-1974 as she described, “out of all my environmental interests.“

She was also a member of the Florida Abortion Rights Action League, known as FARAL.

Joyce Tarnow and Lynn Rosenthal run abortion clinics. 1988

Joyce Tarnow and Lynn Rosenthal run abortion clinics. 1988

Tarnow ran an abortion clinic in Broward County from 1976 to 2006 and served as president of Floridians for a Sustainable Population as well as a member of the Federation of Anti-Immigration Reform also known as FAIR.

In 1972, Tarnow led a fight to repeal Florida’s abortion laws.

Protesters outside Tarnow's Florida abortion clinic

Protesters outside Tarnow’s Florida abortion clinic

During her time as an abortion clinic owner, Tarnow was regularly picketed by pro-life protesters. She also criticized fellow abortionist Benjamin Graber who left her holding attorney’s fees from a lawsuit she and Graber lost against the protesters. That loss eventually cost her the clinic and forced her to finally close her doors for good. She closed her abortion clinic doors in 2004.

But that did not stop Tarnow, as she went on to be an outspoken advocate of population control.

Capture

In the interview below of Tarnow featured in the powerful documentary film Maafa21, Tarnow quotes population control author, Paul Ehrlich who co-authored books with Obama’s Science Czar, John P. Holdren.

Tarnow clearly advocates Darwin’s “Survival of the fittest” and says that the US should not help those nations who “cannot help themselves.”

Watch Tarnow Interview at .20 seconds into this:

In a July 15,2004 News Times article , they quote former abortionist Joyce Tarnow as saying:

America “can’t take all the people in the world,” “We need to help nations that can subsist and let others wither on the vine.”

And how about this sensitive approach to countries like Haiti, which, Tarnow said, “has denuded the whole land?“… “Stew in your own juices.

In the same News Times article Joyce Tarnow reveals her true motives:

Fertility is an environmental issue,” she says. “That’s why I try to get as many people sterilized as are in my way!”

In a a Jan 16, 2010 Ft Lauderdale Sun Sentinel Article, Tarnow had this to say regarding bringing suffering people from Haiti who endured the tragic earthquake, to the United States, “Tent cities in Haiti,said Tarnow. “Give them all the help they need, but don’t bring them to this country.”.

We have to enforce our borders,” she said. “There’s nothing more permanent than a temporary visa.”

Tarnow 1984

Tarnow, was the former owner of the Women’s Clinic in Fort Lauderdale, Florida: which performed approx 800 to 900 abortions per year, with many clients being low income and Haitian. Tarnow was also a proud member of the National Abortion Federation.

Tarnow worked tirelessly to make sure that the ones she didn’t get through abortion were NEVER allowed into this country through immigration. She was the president of the anti-immigration group: Floridians for a Sustainable Population.

She was also listed on the anti-immigration group FAIR as one of their “local contacts” . FAIR stands for the Federation for American Immigration Reform and they are run by former “Zero Population Growth” and “Planned Parenthood” members.

This blogger was one of the protesters who opposed Tarnow at her Florida abortion clinic. As pro-life protesters, we regularly prayed for Tarnow and petitioned her to stop her slaughter of unborn children.

Joyce Tarnow outside her abortion clinic attempting to take pictures of protesters.

Joyce Tarnow outside her abortion clinic attempting to take pictures of protesters.

Tarnow rarely dialogued with us. She became emboldened to come outside and photograph us only when she had engaged the help of the Feminist Majority to escort outside the clinic. That move cost her, because as she attempted to photograph me, I also had my camera up to photograph her. In her frustration and attempt at getting a picture, Tarnow grabbed my arm and assaulted me. Police were called and she was read her Miranda rights, however, I decided not to pursue pressing charges.

Tarnow was a very sad person. She believed in killing innocent babies to assure that Florida would not be overrun by those she deemed unfit. I wonder, if she has not repented, if she still believes her views. Standing before a Holy and Just God has a way of shedding light on all your deeds, especially the murder of children.

Tarnow may be haunted for eternity in an overcrowded hell if she did not repent. Let’s hope that is not the case.

Hillary Clinton partners with Gates Foundation which funds abortion

Posted in Bill Gates, Bill Maher, Hillary clinton, Melinda Gates, Planned Parenthood and Clinton with tags , , , , , , , on February 18, 2014 by saynsumthn

There is no organization that I respect more than the Gates foundation and the work that Bill and Melinda have done in demonstrating the importance of measuring what you care about.” ~ Hillary Rodham Clinton

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As Hillary Rodham Clinton, ponders another presidential run in 2016, she has launched a new partnership Thursday with the Gates Foundation.

Gates Foundation partners Hillary Clinton

The Gates Foundation operated by Bill and Melinda Gates supports abortion, Planned Parenthood, and what many term eugenics globally.

Video below is a conversation between Secretary Hillary Rodham Clinton, Melinda Gates, and Chelsea Clinton on the “importance of data in charting a path towards the full participation of women and girls in the 21st Century and ways to measure progress toward that goal.” This event took place at New York University as part of No Ceilings: The Full Participation Project, a new initiative at the Clinton Foundation whose mission is to bring together partner organizations to evaluate and share the progress women and girls have made in the 20 years since the UN Fourth World Conference in Beijing.

Hillary Clinton told the crowd, “There is no organization that I respect more than the Gates foundation and the work that Bill and Melinda have done in demonstrating the importance of measuring what you care about.” ~

Hillary Clinton Partners with Gates

With the 20th anniversary approaching of a historic 1995 women’s conference, the Bill, Hillary and Chelsea Clinton Foundation is partnering with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to “gather and study data on the global progress of women and girls and the gaps that remain.”

Gates 1 million Planned Parenthood

But many people are suspicious of that the real motives behind this effort may be masking a global push for more abortion and population control.

Hillary Clinton admires Margaret Sanger

Hillary Clinton has gone on record admiring Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger who was steeped in racist eugenics.

I admire Margaret Sanger enormously, her courage, her tenacity, her vision,” Hillary Rodham Clinton, 2009 at a Planned Parenthood gala

Hillary Rodham Clinton has supported abortion on demand as well.

Here as Senator, Hillary Clinton goes on record to use tax payer funds to pay for abortions:

Here Hillary Rodham Clinton is asked again about her admiration for Margaret Sanger who embraced bigotry and racism and eugenics the elimination of the Black race:

MelindaGates

Melinda Gates is the wife of Bill Gates and her support for abortion and Planned Parenthood are also well know.

Some facts in Melinda Gates:

FACT 1*
Melinda Gates’ favorite form of birth control is Depo Provera. But hormonal contraceptives, particularly injectable methods like Depo Provera, have been shown to increase the transmission rate of HIV/AIDS.

FACT 2*
At the UN’s 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, Western elites’ language of population control was officially changed to the language of “equality,” “sustainability” and “reproductive health.” The population control tactics, however, did not change.

FACT 3*
Melinda Gates’ partners, Marie Stopes International and International Planned Parenthood Foundation, were founded by leaders in the early eugenics and population control movements, and who were very open about the fact that they did not like the idea of poor people of color having children.

More on Melinda Gates here and here

Gates Planned Parenthood Maafa21

Bill Gates has been on record as supporting abortion (and here) , financing abortion, and his dad was the former head of Planned Parenthood:

Gates PP

Bill Gates and Planned Parenthood:

GATES: When I was growing up, my parents were almost involved in various volunteer things. My dad was head of Planned Parenthood. And it was very controversial to be involved with that. And so it’s fascinating. At the dinner table my parents are very good at sharing the things that they were doing. And almost treating us like adults, talking about that. My mom was on the United Way group that decides how to allocate the money and looks at all the different charities and makes the very hard decisions about where that pool of funds is going to go. So I always knew there was something about really educating people and giving them choices in terms of family size.

Read the Transcript: Bill Moyers Interviews Bill Gates

Planned Parenthood was founded on racist eugenics – watch Maafa21 for documentation.

This blog has several posts about the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation starting here

Large Corporations Fund Abortion, Eugenics and Planned Parenthood, from the film Maafa21.

As I said in the beginning, we are so admiring at what she [Melinda Gates] and Bill and their team have done..” ~ Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Video game uses abortion to “Save the World” from a “Fetus Zombie”

Posted in Abortion Games, Abortion Video, Population Control, Video, Zombie with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on December 30, 2013 by saynsumthn

A New Video Game seeks to use abortion to QUOTE Save the World UNQUOTE.

The “One abortion… TO SAVE THE WORLD” can be played at ZombieFetusApocalypse.com

The game features a Zombie Fetus Apocalypse and begins by explaining that Sorority Girl got a little tipsy and had a one night stand at a party with a Zombie.

Zombie Fetus Vid Game

The target of the game is the so-called ZOMBIE-Human Hybrid “Brewing inside her.”

The mission of the game is to enter a vessel called the Roe-V-Wader and “eliminate the menace” and “save the world.”

What this game actually does is glorify abortion as a method of saving the world in the same way that Paul Ehrlich advocated population control by claiming the world would end if births were not reduced.

population-bomb

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Apparently the author of One abortion… TO SAVE THE WORLD knows this game will cause a controversy and created a nasty e-mail account for comments:

Hate mail can be sent to: dildo@clownpenis.fart

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article-2286194-185BB89F000005DC-506_638x371

This reminds me of the outrage when students at Hunter College posted a video called: Abortion Battles:

There was such an outcry over an “Abortion Battles” baby-killing game video posted on YouTube by students at Hunter College in New York, New York, that they have removed it. But not so fast. Pro-lifer Meg saved it, and blogger Jill Stanek reposted it

Players put balloons under their shirts, then try to stab each other’s balloons and “Kill that baby!”

Students can be seen laughing and egging on the players.

Planned Parenthood uses Black Woman to push Depo-Provera

Posted in Depo-Provera, Planned Parenthood and Black Women, Planned Parenthood Contraception, Planned Parenthood Depro with tags , , , , , , on December 3, 2013 by saynsumthn

Planned Parenthood pushes Depro with black womanJPG

The largest provider of abortions, founded in Eugenics and Racism is selling Birth Control and specifically the racist Depo-Provera using a black woman.

According to the Rebecca Project, Planned Parenthood, one of the largest distributors and providers of Depo Provera in the US and internationally, recklessly promots Depo Provera to a target audience of women of color and asking this question on their website: “What are the Benefits of the Birth Control Shot?” and answering: “There is nothing to do right before having sex”. When in fact using Depo Provera especially warrants condom use before having sex to avoid increased risks of HIV, as verified by esteemed BMGF and NIH funded researcher, Renee Heffron. Furthermore, Planned Parenthood violates medical ethics and FDA regulations by fraudulently promoting an off-label claim: “The shot [Depo Provera] can help prevent cancer of the lining of the uterus” However, a search of Depo Provera’s FDA approval does not list the contraceptive as a cancer prevention drug. Moreover, while making those false claims about Depo Provera, Planned Parenthood further violates FDA regulations by not posting and informing women of mandatory FDA Depo Provera warnings this together with other egregious violations of federal law, demonstrates Planned Parenthood’s intent to misinform and conceal serious harm from women. This systematic fraudulent promotion and illegal rebranding of Depo Provera supported by BMGF, Pfizer, Population Council and USAID, while receiving Medicaid payments and other disbursements from the US government in forms of grants and payments for family planning, is illegal under the False Claims Act (FCA), 31 U.S.C. §§ 3729 – 3733 (details discussed on page 14 -15).

Planned Parenthood pushes Depro

According to University of Cincinnati historian Wendy Kline, the Depro testing of the 1970s at Atlanta’s Grady Memorial Hospital Family Planning Clinic involved mostly black women in public assistance.

Kline’s research into the debate surrounding Depo-Provera in the 1970s and 1980s began when she was visiting the Smith College Women’s History Archive where she found a large box of materials still unprocessed and not yet catalogued. This was among 50 to 60 boxes from the National Women’s Health Network.

She recalled, “The box contained hundreds of individual files, each detailing a woman’s difficulties with the side effects of Depo-Provera or detailing how she had not been informed of those side effects or detailing how she had been given the injection without her consent or by means of manipulation. This coercion, lack of informed consent and testing of the drug has obviously been gathered together in preparation for a class-action suit by the National Women’s Health Network that had never gone forward.”

But the collection did provide Kline with a rich source of material of examining the history of this contraceptive and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s public board of inquiry on Depo-Provera held in 1983.

“The use of Depo-Provera captures all of the controversy of this century regarding controlling fertility and who’s ultimately making the decision about who gets to reproduce. My research looks at coercion, risks not fully understood and how arguments were made for and against Depo-Provera at the time,” she explained.

For instance, it was in the Depo-Provera hearings in Washington that the manufacturer and those in favor of the drug had to first contend with the greater organizational powers and force of the feminist movement – but where that feminist movement had to argue its case by focusing narrowly on the flaws in the scientific research methodology applied when testing Depo-Provera.

In other words, those combating the use of Depo-Provera could not make a case against the drug based on morality or sentiment even though it could easily have been argued that this was a case of eugenics since the testing of the drug in the 1970s at Atlanta’s Grady Memorial Hospital Family Planning Clinic involved mostly black women in public assistance.

Instead, because of FDA strictures related to evidence supplied at its board of inquiry hearings, opponents of the drug had to channel their arguments on the science then available on Depo-Provera.

“Of course,” said Kline, “It was and is very difficult to separate science from the society that produced it. There was a reason, given the understood risks of Depo-Provera, that its testing was done on poor women in the U.S. and on women in developing countries.”

According to C-Fam, the Melinda Gates’ campaign targeting African women with a new form of the contraceptive Depo Provera has provoked a coalition of Black religious leaders and human rights advocates. They are asking the U.S. Congress to stop funding the distribution of the injectable contraceptive overseas.

The leaders, who support abortion and contraception, say women of color and low-income women suffer severe health issues from Depo Provera. A new self-administered version puts women at further risk as it will be delivered without them being fully informed of the drug’s potential side effects. The contraceptive carries the potential to contract or transmit HIV at an eight-fold higher rate.

The wife of billionaire Bill Gates recently told the New York Times that she championed family planning after meeting with poor women in developing countries. The women wanted a contraceptive that comes in a shot, Gates said, because they could not negotiate condom use without implying that either they or their husbands had AIDS.

Kwame Fosu says Melinda Gates’ claim that women want Depo Provera is “disingenuous.”

“No African woman would agree to being injected if she had full knowledge of the contraceptives’ dangerous side effects,” Fosu told the Friday Fax. Fosu is policy director for the Rebecca Project for Human Rights.

“In fact,” he continued, “in countries where women are educated on the harmful complications, Depo Provera use is negligible.”

Gates’ comments illustrate an on-going conflict between public health officials’ efforts to contain the AIDS epidemic and family planning advocates who favor long-acting hormonal contraceptives to prevent pregnancy. Unlike condoms, these methods do nothing to prevent HIV transmission.

In the case of Depo Provera, the risks of HIV transmission actually increase, according to data published in The Lancet. The World Health Organization strongly advises that women using progestogen-only injectable contraception also use condoms. Planned Parenthood – one of the largest international distributors of Depo Provera – does not recommend condom use nor do they disclose potential side effects.

According to feminist, Erica Gollub, Depo-Provera, was manufactured by the Upjohn Corporation of Kalamazoo, Michigan has been a source of controversy since its entry into the market in the late 1970s.

In 1978, the FDA found the injectable drug too dangerous for use by American women. FDA’s decision was based on a study done by Upjohn at the agency’s request, which found that rhesus monkeys and beagles injected with the drug developed cancer.

But the agency came under heavy fire from other governmental and private agencies involved in the drug’s distribution in the Third World. Led by the Agency for International Development (AID), these groups feared the impact of the FDA decision on the “image” of Depo and family planning programs abroad. They also opposed any constraints on its overseas distribution.

After years of delay, the FDA finally agreed to hearings on the drug. From the beginning, Upjohn insisted on a scientific inquiry, an approach that limited the scope of issues considered – particularly the more significant ethical and policy considerations raised by the use and promotion of the drug. Nevertheless, evidence presented by opponents of the drug showed that Depo-Provera is considerably more dangerous than Upjohn is willing to admit.

Dr. Christopher Rhodes, called to testify by the National Women’s Health Network, listed the “constellation of defects” that women can experience, ranging from severe menstrual irregularities to permanent sterility to high blood pressure and blood clots. Sybil Shainwal, president of the Network, accused Upjohn of “risking the health of American women with a drug that has never been proven safe.” Public Citizen’s Health Research Group charged that “no reliable studies” have been done on the long-term use of Depo on humans.

In defense, Upjohn cited the conclusions of “three international panels of experts” associated with AID and the World Health Organization. These groups claim that animal studies – the basis of nearly all the evidence on Depo – are “inappropriate” for judging the drug’s effects on women.

But Steve Minkin, former Chief Officer of Nutrition at AID quoted studies from the Office of Technology Assessment and the National Research Council affirming the reliability of animals in cancer research. Minkin worked with some of the first Depo users in Bangladesh in 1979.

National Women’s Health Network witness Dr. Ruth Shearer also disagreed with Upjohn’s “experts.” A cancer and genetics expert, Shearer charged that the AID and WHO groups “were not impartial panels of concerned scientists. They represent organizations which have been responsible for widespread use of Depo Provera.” If they admitted to the hazardous nature of the drug, she said, they “would be admitting their responsibility for future massive human illness.”

Another issue raised at the hearings concerned the use of Depo on women whom doctors say cannot be “trusted” with other forms of contraception. Depo critics have charged that the drug has been used on “powerless groups” such as mentally retarded women and welfare mothers. At the hearings, witnesses described two groups recently “targeted” by doctors: the predominantly Hispanic population at University of Southern California Medical Center in Los Angeles, and the “SS-95%” Black population at Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta.

According to Dr. Robert Hatcher of Grady, 11,000 women have been treated with Depo at his hospital since 1967. Usage started several years before any animal testing had taken place.

Dr. Sidney Wolfe of the Health Research Group found this double standard of safety “morally offensive and unacceptable.” Mentally retarded women, said Wolfe, are “the least appropriate candidates for a contraceptive such as Depo-Provera. (They) are the least likely to be able to weigh the benefits and the risks of the drug and give true informed consent.”

But Dr. Hatcher and other family planning practitioners said that their consent form and information booklet accompanying the shot justifies the use of the drug. “Our booklet mentions 11 problems related to Depo-Provera,” Hatcher said. He reasoned that as long as women “know” what they’re getting, the injection should be used.

Dr. Wolfe, however, pointed out that “the whole question of informed consent is a moot question” since the full extent of risk is still unknown. Another witness cited how the drug is administered at one clinic in northern Thailand, where women “are processed in from 60 to 90 seconds,” with little time for “amenities” like consent.

Some population officials used the consent argument to attack the opponents of Depo. Dr. Malcolm Potts of Family Health International said that anti-Depo forces “oppose people having a choice” in contraception. “I see modes of contraception like modes of transportation,” said Potts, and compared Depo with a Volkswagon: “It’s sturdy, dependable, it might rattle and does have some problems, but it should be available.”

But health activists countered that these same “pro-choice” officials spend little time and money promoting the safer, barrier methods of contraception, and often endorse money or food “incentives” for Third World women “choosing injection or sterilization”. “Their priority,” said one activist, “is expediency in population control.

A number of consumer, women’s and human rights groups are mobilizing to stop the spread of Depo-Provera. The National Women’s Health Network maintains a registry of women having received unauthorized shots of Depo, which they say circulates in the blood for three months or longer. The Network recently announced their intention to sue Upjohn for compensation to women injured by the drug.

United Presbyterian Church and the Maryknoll Fathers, members of the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, have recently submitted a shareholder resolution to Upjohn concerning Depo. Other groups working on the issue include Public Citizen’s Health Research Group and the Boston Women’s Health Book Collective.

Whatever the outcome of the Depo hearings, Upjohn has little to lose and much to gain. FDA approval would mean greater sales for the company on a product whose annual sales already exceed $25 million.