Archive for Janice Black

Eugenics victim to be compensated

Posted in Eugenics in North Carolina with tags , , , , , , , on June 9, 2014 by saynsumthn

Janice Black

Janice Black is one of more than 7600 people forcibly sterilized by the state between 1929 and 1974 because they were considered feeble-minded or “undesirable”. Some victims were as young as 10; Janice was 17 when she was sterilized against her will in 1971.

“I did want children, but they took care of that for me, so I could never have them,” Janice explained to WCNC.

For years Janice and her friend Sadie Gilmore Long have been trying to get the state to apologize for the Eugenics program.

“Not only to Janice, but all the other victims across North Carolina that are in the same boat as Janice is in,” explained Sadie.

Black was one of the last victims of the North Carolina Eugenics Board which disbanded in 1974. Black was 18 that year and living with her stepmother. She has a big smile and a contagious chuckle, but her developmental disabilities led the Eugenics Board to conclude that she wouldn’t be a fit parent and ordered her sterilized.

She kept it a secret until last year, when North Carolina state leaders began talking seriously about compensating eugenics victims. Speaking out was cathartic for Black.

“It kind of gave me some relief – like getting a monkey off your back,” she says, chuckling. No amount of money can make it right, but she says what the state has done now – “it helps some,” she told WFAE.

Two weeks ago, on Janice’s birthday, she received a letter from the state confirming her claim had been approved.

“I was excited, not for myself, but for her, and we jumped around the hallways and praised the glory of God,” recalled Sadie.

Janice was happy, but said it didn’t take away the pain.

“I don’t have anything against the money or anything like that, but it’s not going to bring back what they took away.”

Janice doesn’t know how much money she’ll receive yet; that depends on how many verified claims there are. So far, less than 500 have applied, and the state has only passed on 281 claims to be reviewed by a commission.

Eugenic sterilization programs existed in America in at least 31 states. Many of the women forced or coerced into sterilization were black.

From 1929 to 1974, the state of North Carolina forcibly sterilized thousands of people who were deemed to be mentally handicapped, promiscuous or unfit to have children.

Life Dynamics has documented the history of the American Eugenics Society including North Carolina’s forced sterilization program in our film, Maafa21: Black Genocide in 21st Century America.

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Black Eugenics victims react to possible compensation

Posted in Black Eugenics Victim, Black Genocide, Elaine Riddick with tags , , , , , , , on July 26, 2013 by saynsumthn

Watch Maafa21 – learn how eugenics was connected to Planned Parenthood:

janice_sadie_eugenicsJanice Black (right) with her friend and caretaker Sadie Long at their home in Charlotte.

Janice Black was one of the last victims of the North Carolina Eugenics Board which disbanded in 1974. Black was 18 that year and living with her stepmother. She has a big smile and a contagious chuckle, but her developmental disabilities led the Eugenics Board to conclude that she wouldn’t be a fit parent and ordered her sterilized.

She kept it a secret until last year, when North Carolina state leaders began talking seriously about compensating eugenics victims. Speaking out was cathartic for Black.

“It kind of gave me some relief – like getting a monkey off your back,” she says, chuckling. No amount of money can make it right, but she says what the state has done now – “it helps some.”

Tuesday afternoon, North Carolina lawmakers allocated $10 million to be split among the living eugenics victims who agree to come forward and have their claims verified in the eugenics board records. Of 7,600 in all, some 1,500 victims are estimated to still be alive. Only 177 have come forward so far, which means Black could get as much as $50,000, but possibly far less. Victims have until next June to apply for compensation, but checks won’t be cut until June 2015.

Republican State Representative Nelson Dollar pleaded with his legislative colleagues to “right a great moral wrong.”

“Never in the last century of our state, has the power of government been so misused,” said Dollar. “Citizens mutilated, maimed and scarred for life.”

Rita Thompson Swords agrees. She was sterilized at 21 after giving birth to her second child as an unwed mother. She says her father was coerced into signing the form from another hospital room where he was undergoing treatment for brain cancer.

Coercion and uninformed consent are common themes in the state’s eugenics records. Victims were branded “morons.”

“It took a lot of years to get over it you know,” says Swords, who lives in Matthews. “I don’t see how they had the right, or how they could have done anybody like that.”

The legislative decision to compensate victims like Swords is the culmination of more than a decade’s crusade for former North Carolina State Representative Larry Womble. He first heard about the eugenics program from a reporter in 2002.

ap120110135056Sterilization victim Lela Dunston, 63 (seated front), following a meeting of the Governor’s Eugenics Compensation Task Force in North Carolina in 2012.

In 2002 North Carolina became one of the first states to publicly apologize for practicing eugenics.

The movement believed that poverty, promiscuity, and alcoholism were inherited traits, and that without them the gene pool could be improved.

Some of the victims were as young as 10 and chosen because they were promiscuous or did not get along with their schoolmates.

North Carolina is one of about a half-dozen states to apologize for past eugenics programs, but it is alone in trying to put together a plan to compensate victims.

elaine riddick

Elaine Riddick was raped and impregnated at 13 years old and, after giving birth to her son Tony, she was sterilized against her will.

Testimony from the video Maafa21

Riddick, who was sterilised without her consent as a teenager after she was raped and had a child, has led the campaign for compensation and welcomed the decision. “I tip my hat to North Carolina. Finally they came to their senses and decided to do what’s right,” she said.

Elaine Riddick with Brian Williams on eugenics State of Shame

Posted in Black Eugenics Victim, Clarence Gamble, Elaine Riddick, Eugenics, Eugenics by State, North Carolina Eugenics with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on November 8, 2011 by saynsumthn

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Elaine Riddick with Brian Williams on eugenics …, posted with vodpod

( H/T) Elaine Riddick was 13 years old when she got pregnant after being raped by a neighbor in Winfall, N.C., in 1967. The state ordered that immediately after giving birth, she should be sterilized. Doctors cut and tied off her fallopian tubes.

“I have to carry these scars with me. I have to live with this for the rest of my life,” she said.

Riddick was never told what was happening. “Got to the hospital and they put me in a room and that’s all I remember, that’s all I remember,” she said. “When I woke up, I woke up with bandages on my stomach.”

Riddick’s records reveal that a five-person state eugenics board in Raleigh had approved a recommendation that she be sterilized. The records label Riddick as “feebleminded” and “promiscuous.” They said her schoolwork was poor and that she “does not get along well with others.”

“I was raped by a perpetrator [who was never charged] and then I was raped by the state of North Carolina. They took something from me both times,” she said. “The state of North Carolina, they took something so dearly from me, something that was God given.”

It wouldn’t be until Riddick was 19, married and wanting more children, that she’d learn she was incapable of having any more babies. A doctor in New York where she was living at the time told her that she’d been sterilized.

“Butchered. The doctor used that word… I didn’t understand what she meant when she said I had been butchered,” Riddick said.
North Carolina was one of 31 states to have a government run eugenics program. By the 1960s, tens of thousands of Americans were sterilized as a result of these programs.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

State of Shame – North Carolina Sterilization P…, posted with vodpod

“They cut me open like I was a hog,” said Elaine Riddick, who was sterilized at age 14. “I didn’t even know nothing about this stuff.”
Riddick, now 57, said her only crime was being poor, BLACK, and from a bad home environment.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Maafa21’s Elaine Riddick speaks at NC Eugenics …, posted with vodpod

Listen to what the State of North Carolina’s Eugenic Board (Funded by Margaret Sanger supporter- Clarence Gamble more below) did to this “African American woman” : Elaine Riddick

( this clip below from the powerful documentary on eugenics and black genocide called: Maafa21 )

Clarence Gamble a supporter and funder of the founder of Planned Parenthood’s founder Margaret Sanger… funded the North Carolina Eugenics Society which sterilized this woman and many black women as well. Click Here : Clarence Gamble.

Gamble also supported Margaret Sanger’s Birth Control Movement. Sanger was the founder of Planned Parenthood and she had many of her board members and presidents were members of the American Eugenics Society.

According to the North Carolina Winston-Salem Journal, “Clarence Gamble who helped found the Human Betterment League of North Carolina in 1947 did so to promote eugenic sterilization. Journal research shows a long history of abuses in the N.C. sterilization program – abuses that Gamble consistently glossed over..” Gamble wanted sterilizations to increase rather than decrease, and increase they did.

Think the targeting of blacks for sterilization was coincidence? Just like they way they are targeted today for abortion??? Think again:

Read what Planned Parenthood Founder, Margaret Sanger, wrote to Dr. Clarence Gamble (who funded the State of North Carolina’s Eugenics Programs) in a letterdated December 19, 1939,
We should hire three or four colored ministers, preferably with social-service backgrounds, and with engaging personalities. The most successful educational approach to the Negro is through a religious appeal. The minister’s work is also important and also he should be trained, perhaps by the Federation [of Eugenicists] as to our ideals and the goal that we hope to reach. We don’t want the word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.” that plan was called “The NEGRO Project”.

Read all the ways Eugenics Financier Clarence Gamble supporter Planned Parenthood’s founder: Margaret Sanger, on the website of the Pathfinder Website, an organization founded by Clarence Gamble Here

Learn More on eugenics in the film Maafa21 (trailer below)


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NEVER NEVER FORGET WHAT THESE EUGENICS PEOPLE DID:

Lela Mae Moore Dunston lives in Raleigh, just a few miles away from where a board of men and women she’d never met voted to have her sterilized in March of 1963.
She was 13, living with her mother in Wilmington, and pregnant with her first child. It would be the only child the state would allow her to have.

Dunston, who was termed “mildly retarded” as the justification for sterilization, says she is not mentally handicapped and is one of a growing number of sterilization victims demanding that the state compensate them. Their mental evaluations were often based on flawed intelligence testing. Others were sterilized for reasons including epilepsy, blindness or rumors of promiscuity.

Many of these victims have read the petitions for sterilizations that social workers wrote about them. Often, they contain more racism and class prejudice than hard facts. The petition to sterilize Dunston says that she and her mother “live in an area that has a low socio-economic level.” Dunston is described as “a rather alert little Negro girl” who “wore a very ragged sweater and her hair literally stood on end all over her head.”

That was “a bunch of baloney,” Dunston said.

In the early 1960s, as Gov. Terry Sanford was leading North Carolina through integration, the sterilization program, which operated beneath the radar, began targeting black women of modest means. Sometimes, the petitions contained outright lies, as in this line from Dunston’s: “Both the mother and Lela Mae understand that sterilization will result in Lela Mae not being able to reproduce and both seem happy with this.”

Dunston said she didn’t know what the operation was about. “I was only 13,” Dunston said. “Thirteen years old you don’t know nothing about this kind of mess. You’re a child yourself.”

Here is a sample of what the Eugenics Victims have said:

Elaine Riddick:I have to get out what the state of North Carolina did to me. I am not feeble minded. I’ve never been feeble minded. They slandered me. They ridiculed and harassed me. They cut me open like I was a hog, My body was too young for what they did to me. I had to have a child at the age of 14. When I had my son, at the same time they took my child in cesarean and then did that to me. What do you think I’m worth? … I’ve never had nobody to take care of me. I’ve had to do this all by myself. I never had anyone give me anything. I had to pick my own self up…What am I worth? The kids I didn’t have. Couldn’t have. What are they worth?”

Tony Riddick added, “You harmed my mother and killed her womb . When u look forward – It’s genocide – premeditated murder – you deserve to be punished….This is sinister. I know I don’t have the power to bring justice myself….We say we are a nation that’s concerned and compassionate and these victims have not been compensated yet. For my mother, it’s been 43 years…God will hold you accountable for what you have done to my mom.”

“This right here is a good example of what God is capable of doing.My mother’s life and my life, by ANY measure, would have been, should have been, COULD have been totally written off.”

LeLa Dunston (victim)
“I can’t have no babies…They told me to sign papers. I didn’t sign papers. That was not my signature on these papers…I need a reward or something…some kind of compensation for all they put me through. I wanted more children. I wouldn’t have minded having a daughter. Maybe two, maybe three.”

Australia Clay (victim’s family member)
“Every victim that went through any of this victimization was a guinea pig. A science guinea pig. It was bogus medicine. Bogus science…This is North Carolina’s holocaust. We need a wall. We need a library. My mother needs her name and picture in a library room.”

Melissa Hyatt (victim’s loved one)
“Nobody explained what the surgery was for, at least to him.”

Karen Beck (victim’s family member)
“I’m sure the surgeons that wielded the knives against their small bodies believed they were doing the right thing. Indeed, how could any of them be wrong?”

Deborah Chesson (victim’s family member)
“The eugenics board has deemed my mother nothing. To me, she is everything….You tore families apart. You hurt people. There’s no compensation that can put that back.”

Janice Black’s crooked signature crawls across the consent form. She didn’t know what kind of paper she was signing. Her name was the only thing she knew how to write. It was 1971. She was 18. Janice’s IQ had tested out at 44. Her estimated mental age was 7. Her family decided she wasn’t fit to raise children.
Her stepmother took her to Charlotte Memorial Hospital. Janice didn’t know why. She didn’t feel sick. She woke in a hospital bed. She tried to get up, and it hurt. She looked and saw an incision from her belly button on down. The state of North Carolina had sterilized her.“Sometimes I wish I hadn’t been born, you know what I’m saying?” she says. “Sometimes I – what I feel like – that I wasn’t treated fairly. Like I was a human being. I was treated like I’m not no human being.

Get the film Maafa21 Black Genocide in 21st Century America and learn how Eugenics is being used to target the black population still to this day: Here