Archive for Griswold v. Connecticut

Birth Control Pill invention helped Margaret Sanger target the so-called Feebleminded for Eugenic birth limitation

Posted in Birth Control and Eugenics, Planned Parenthood and Black Women, Planned Parenthood and Guttmacher, Planned Parenthood in Black Neighborhoods, Planned Parenthood in minority community with tags , , , , , , , , on June 7, 2012 by saynsumthn

June 7, marks the 47th anniversary of the Supreme Court’s decision to make birth control legal throughout the United States in the landmark Griswold v. Connecticut.

The Griswold v. Connecticut ruling of June 7, 1965, reversed an 1879 Connecticut statute that outlawed any drug or instrument designed to prevent conception. The law was challenged by Estelle Griswold, executive director of the Planned Parenthood League of Connecticut. When the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in her favor, it essentially legalized the use of contraception by married couples in all 50 states.

For those who would like to know some less revealed history of the birth control pills I have some facts which may shock you:

Planned Parenthood founder, Margaret Sanger, was a member in good standing with the racist American Eugenics Society. Sanger had board members who were known for their racist writing and Sanger published many of those in her publications. Sanger called for parents to have a QUOTE: LICENSE TO BREED controlled by people who believed in her eugenic philosophy. She wanted all would be parents to go before her eugenic boards to request a “PERMIT TO BREED“.

The contraception “Pill” came from the efforts of Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger. In Margaret Sanger’s Feb 1919 Birth Control Review the Planned Parenthood Founder wrote wrote, “We who advocate Birth Control, on the other hand, lay all our emphasis upon stopping not only the reproduction of the unfit but upon stopping all reproduction when there is not economic means of providing proper care for those who are born in health.While I personally believe in the sterilization of the feeble-minded, the insane and syphilitic, I have not been able to discover that these measures are more than superficial deterrents when applied to the constantly growing stream of the unfitEugenics without Birth Control seems to us a house builded upon the sands. It is at the mercy of the rising stream of the unfit…“”

Sanger sought funding from known Eugenics promoters including Clarence Gamble, known today for funding North Carolina’s Eugenics Board and today the state of NC is apologizing for forcefully sterilizing many African Americans and others under that same board.

According to the North Carolina Winston-Salem Journal, “Clarence Gamble who helped found the Human Betterment League of North Carolina in 1947 did so to promote eugenic sterilization. Journal research shows a long history of abuses in the N.C. sterilization program – abuses that Gamble consistently glossed over..” Gamble wanted sterilizations to increase rather than decrease, and increase they did.

Clarence Gamble a supporter and funder of the founder of Planned Parenthood’s founder Margaret Sanger…also funded the North Carolina Eugenics Society which sterilized Elaine Riddick and many black women as well. Click Here : Clarence Gamble.

Read what Planned Parenthood Founder, Margaret Sanger, wrote to Dr. Clarence Gamble (who funded the State of North Carolina’s Eugenics Programs) in a letter dated December 19, 1939,
We should hire three or four colored ministers, preferably with social-service backgrounds, and with engaging personalities. The most successful educational approach to the Negro is through a religious appeal. The minister’s work is also important and also he should be trained, perhaps by the Federation [of Eugenicists] as to our ideals and the goal that we hope to reach. We don’t want the word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.” that plan was called “The NEGRO Project”.

In her efforts to get a pill to stop the procreation of those she deemed unfit, Sanger turned to Katharine McCormick to fund the research. Sanger, known for extreme hatred of religious people who offer charity to suffering people as well as her known racist views, is introduced to Gregory Pincus and implores him to take up her quest. Pincus goes to the SEARLE Company and is later introduced to John Rock who had already been working on hormones to prohibit pregnancy..The Pill is then invented…now, how to get the “Feebleminded people” to use it?

I consider that the world and almost our civilization for the next twenty-five years, is going to depend upon a simple, cheap, safe contraceptive to be used in poverty stricken slums, jungles, and among the most ignorant people. Even this will not be sufficient, because I believe that now, immediately, there should be national sterilization for certain dysgenic types of our population who are being encouraged to breed and would die out were the government not feeding them.
Planned Parenthood Founder, Margaret Sanger, 1950

At first the minority communities avoided Birth Control, due to suspicions the government and white elites wanted to reduce their populations, which, in fact, they did ! BUT the promoters of Planned Parenthood had a plan. According to the papers of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America [PPFA] located in the Sophie Smith Library: In 1966- In a letter dated March 7, 1966, Planned Parenthood President, Alan F. Guttmacher wrote to Mr. William Searle, VP of Marketing of the CD Searle Company telling him that he had been picketed by a group of very attractive young men, and noted that this was “just one of several manifestations of increasing racist apprehension in regard to birth control by minority groups, Mexicans, and Puerto Ricans.”

Guttmacher had a solution, he continued, “I am seriously considering adding to my staff a minority relations man or women from one of the minority groups, and since the largest is the Negro, probably someone of the Negro race. It would be his task to work not only with the conventional groups like the NAACP, CORE, etc. but actively to confront three militant groups and see whether or not we couldn’t persuade them of the error of their ways.” Guttmacher then tells Searle that the “only thing holding me back is the lack of money.” Guttmacher than asks is Searle would be interested in supporting “such a unit”.

Today that marketing strategy is still working.

The pill was introduced at a time when scientists such as Arthur Jensen and William Shockley were promoting genetic explanations of racial differences in intelligence-test scores. During the 1960s and 1970s, thousands of poor black women were coercively sterilized under federally funded programs. Women were threatened with termination of welfare benefits or denial of medical care if they didn’t “consent” to the procedure. Southern blacks claimed that black women were routinely sterilized without their consent and for no valid medical reason—a practice so widespread it was called a “Mississippi appendectomy.”

According to Family Planning Perspectives, Teaching hospitals in the North also performed unnecessary hysterectomies on poor black women as practice for their medical residents. During this period, state legislators considered a rash of punitive sterilization bills aimed at the growing number of blacks receiving public assistance. .. Black concerns about family planning had arisen decades earlier during Margaret Sanger’s crusade for birth control. As Sanger allied herself with the burgeoning eugenics movement, the call for birth control veered away from its radical, feminist origins to include programs to regulate the poor, immigrants and blacks, based on theories of genetic inferiority and social degeneracy. Some blacks of the period, including the nationalist leader Marcus Garvey, opposed birth control as a form of “race suicide.”

In 1960, an article published by the Pasadena Independent entitled Tax Saving cited by Birth Clubquoted Pasadena Planned Parenthood Committee drive chairman, Nelson A Howard, JR, about the cost savings birth control had to the government,
For every 1000 unwanted pregnancies Planned Parenthood helps avoid in indigent families, tax payers save more than a million dollars a year,” he stated. In 1965, He was named area co-chairman of the second nationwide campaign of Planned Parenthood- World Population.

In 1962, Mississippi’s Welfare Commissioner asked pointedly, “ how much longer will the white population of Mississippi consent to be taxed and drained of its substance for the benefit of a race, and a nation, which shows no appreciation for their sacrifice?

Harriet Washington points out in her book, Medical Apartheid, that in 1962, the National Urban League rescinded its support of contraception, and so did many local NAACP chapters citing internal surveys which showed that Twenty-eight percent of the Blacks surveyed in the late 1960’s agreed that “ encouraging blacks to use birth control is comparable to trying to eliminate this group from society” Whitney Young, leader of the Urban League, revoked his group’s support of contraception in 1962 Marvin Davies, head of the Florida NAACP, rejected contraception and argued that black women needed to produce large numbers of babies until the black population comprised 30-35 percent of Americans; only then would blacks be able to affect the power structure. Then in 1964, Whitney Young, in his book , To be equal, discussed the positive aspects of family planning for black families, but also expressed reservations about the motivations of the proponents of family planning who were more interested in controlling population expansion and reducing taxes than in achieving human and social goals.

In 1962, the New York Times reported that during an open hearing on whether public funds should be spent for birth control in Chicago, Illinois, that “Mr. Twine, a Negro said the proposal would give “aid and solace to those intent on further stigmatizing the Negro.”

Professor Simone M. Caron writes that at a meeting of the Council of Philadelphia Anti-Poverty Action Committee in 1965, Cecil Moore, president of the local NAACP chapter, condemned a Planned Parenthood program for northern Philadelphia because 70 percent of the population was black. Labeling the plan “replete with everything to help the Negroes commit race suicide,” Moore convinced the committee to table the proposal. Around the same time, Donald A. Bogue, a Chicago activist, reported that the birthrate of blacks in Chicago had fallen from 39.4 per thousand births in 1960 to 29.1 per thousand births in 1965. Although Bogue deemed this decline a breakthrough in family planning, some blacks considered it evidence that contraception was a front to eliminate the black population.

By the late 1960s, a survey found that 28 percent of the blacks questioned agreed that “Encouraging blacks to use birth control is comparable to trying to eliminate this group from society.”

In Cleveland, Ohio, militant blacks burned down a contraceptive clinic after labeling its activities “black genocide.”

Jesse Jackson did not actively oppose birth control, yet he did question the “timing” of the population control hysteria in the 1960s: “That this issue should surface simultaneously with the emergence of blacks and other nonwhites as a meaningful force in the nation and the world appears more than coincidental.”…

Langston Hughes, American poet and novelist, wondered in 1965 through his renowned character Simple why all of sudden the government had millions of dollars for contraceptives for people of color in India, China, Africa, and Harlem.

Frustrated by the lack of response by the targeted community for birth control, Dr. Alan Frank Guttmacher, president of the ‘Planned Parenthood World Population Federation’, attended the 1966 White House Conference on Civil Rights and specifically a session on the family and specified the real differential between white and non-white fertility rates. He made what appears to be a flippant comment that nevertheless, reflected his worries about the ‘wrong’ people having too many children: “You can’t make a person take contraception. Unfortunately.”

At the same White House Conference on Civil Rights sponsored by Lyndon Johnson, Cecil Moore (of the NAACP) made this attack on population control, “ And I have noticed that every time that we talk about population and planned parenthood, the only country I find that wants to limit poverty by limiting the poor- they always want to do it in Africa and South America and Asia , but I never heard them talk about doing it in Paris or England. Then I hope I am not belaboring the point, but don’t take that away from Negroes because we don’t have much else.”

According to a story reported in the Philadelphia Inquirer, in September 1965 the NAACP opposed a $91,000 federal grant for the dissemination of birth control information in North Philadelphia. The NAACP charged Planned Parenthood, which had applied for the grant, with attempting to “help Negroes commit racial suicide.” Although many blacks believed the pill was a benevolent technological advance, black nationalists tended to regard it as a symbol of genocide. A Planned Parenthood official explained to Ebony magazine: “Many Negro women have told our workers, There are two kinds of pills – one for white women and one for us…and the one for us causes sterilization.‘” This kind of paranoia frustrated and angered birth control activists.

How would they solve the problem: GET BLACKS ON BOARD PLANNED PARENTHOOD:

According to the records of Planned Parenthood copied from the Sophie Smith Collection, Black Attitudes from 1962, On January 11,1966, Lammont Du. P. Copeland sent a letter to Alan Guttmacher which contained the advice of Dupont’s Public Relations Representative, Mr. Glen Perry regarding the attitudes of the Black community toward Planned Parenthood. Perry sought counsel from a black man who had been active with Planned Parenthood, Mr. Joseph Baker, who Dupont retains as a public relations adviser in the field of race relations.

Perry summarized the suggestions in a memo dated: January 10,1966, “Baker told us that Dr. Guttmacher is correct in feeling that civil rights leaders are beginning to take a hostile position toward population planning on the ground that it is an attempt to halt the growth of the Negro population.”

Baker strongly suggested to Perry that Planned Parenthood immediately open dialogue to the Black leaders, to “get their support and participation.” Baker chastised a speech that Guttmacher made where he admitted some on the Planned Parenthood Board may be there solely for a racist agenda, Perry writes, “[ Baker] was especially critical of Dr. Guttmacher’s admission that there might be some members of Planned Parenthood who had the political objective attributed to the organization by civil rights leaders. Such an admission could easily be taken out of context, and used to the detriment of the organization.

Perry suggested that Guttmacher consider adding blacks to the Planned Parenthood board as well as the staff, he warns, “ If this isn’t done, I’m not sure any amount of talk can convince the Negro leaders that this isn’t something being done to them by the whites rather than being done for whites and blacks by whites and blacks working together.Perry end by stressing that they need to “move quickly” to involve the black community.

Guttmacher and Planned Parenthood quickly moved to take that advice and a 1966 New York Times article reports that Dr. Alan F. Guttmacher, President of the Planned Parenthood Federation told a symposium at the University of California Medical Center that a sensitive area in the field of birth control was, “the belief that the white middle class was coercing their own poor and people with black and yellow skins to reduce family size because the middle-class whites are frightened of being outnumbered.”
“The only way the mounting feeling that birth control is a tool of racism can be handled, is to involve knowledgeable leaders from the minority groups who understand and are favorable to the philosophy of birth control. They, in turn, must translate their appreciation of the contribution which birth control can make toward family stability to their own people.”

A January 28,1966 internal memo from Alan Guttmacher and Fred Jaffe, outlines the plan for winning over the Black Community.

The memo begins by calling the new plan, a “Community Relations Program.” The “program” is to, “form a liaison between Planned Parenthood and minority organizations.”

The plan, according to Planned Parenthood, will emphasize that “all people have the opportunity to make their own choices,” rather than, as the memo states, “exhortation telling them how many children they should have.”

One way to get the message is out is to “get assistance from black organizations like The Urban League and the AME church,” and according to the memo they need to employ, “more Negro staff members on PP-WP [Planned Parenthood-World Population] and Affiliate’s staff, as well as recruit more Negro members for the National Board- at least 5.”

Along with this Guttmacher suggests that they initiate cooperation with the National Medical Association [NMA], a Black medical association, and encourage them to establish a committee on reproduction and family planning. Guttmacher also hoped to “secure at least three Negro physicians for membership on the PP-WP Medical Committee, and he planned to invite NMA leaders to address their convention. Also on the radar was a comprehensive plan to address the Black media by, “specially developed news and feature articles for Negro newspapers.”

Guttmacher ends by stating that the above suggestions are “long overdue” but stresses, “we do not need to panic. In fact, if we panic and continue to publicize the “problem”, we may well exacerbate it” , he wrote.

In 1966, Planned Parenthood president, Dr. Alan F. Guttmacher praised the advice of Cecil Newman, the publisher of the Minnesota Spokesman and former board member of Planned Parenthood of Minneapolis, concerning Guttmacher’s concern that blacks viewed Planned Parenthood and birth control as genocide.

In a letter dated February 18,1966, from a mutual friend, Daryl Feldmeir managing editor of the Minneapolis Tribune, Newman offered this suggestion, which Guttmacher wholeheartedly approved, “If I were Dr. Guttmacher, I would find some of the top Negro clergymen with large congregations to serve on my board. They really command respect.

Soon, Planned Parenthood was staffing its clinics and boards with Blacks unaware of the plan to limit their population.

Today the Black Population through abortion and Birth Control is in a freefall. The Plan has worked….blacks and other minorities have joined Planned Parenthood’s efforts to limit births.

If you would like to see just how vast this plan is read a Racial Profiling report by the Pro-Life Group Life Dynamics on exactly where Planned Parenthood has placed their centers ( Click here)
and watch the documentary film on the eugenics history of Planned Parenthood called Maafa21

More is detailed here

Now you know the past and the present…will you continue to comply with their population control agenda?