Archive for the North Carolina Eugenics Category

Planned Parenthood PSA fails to mention eugenics ties

Posted in Abortion History, American Law Institute, North Carolina Eugenics, Planned Parenthood and Eugenics, Planned Parenthood Employee, Wallace Kuralt with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on November 19, 2014 by saynsumthn

PP Health Systems of Charlotte

A video highlighting a North Carolina Planned Parenthood founder fails to mention that she founded the center with help from a man connected to eugenics.

Sarah Bryant PP

It begins, “Planned Parenthood Health Systems of Charlotte began in 1969 when Sarah Bryant saw an unmet need.”

Now an old woman, Ms. Bryant says that she started the Planned Parenthood center at the urging of well known eugenicist Wallace Kuralt and other business leaders. “then Mr. Art Jones who was a banker and Mr. Wallace Kuralt who was the chairman, head of the county health commission, urged me to start Planned Parenthood. They had been involved and had known about Margaret Sanger when they were in [ Oberlin] college. So, that was the beginning.”

Sarah Bryant PP Charlotte

Planned Parenthood was founded on eugenics. Their founder , Margaret Sanger, was a member of the American Eugenics Society and she placed other like-minded believers on her board. This has been well documented by this blog on several occasions.

Ms. Bryant concludes the recently uploaded Planned Parenthood PSA by admitting that their agenda has not changed, “The face may change but the mission is the same…. ,” she states.

Bryant was the wife of the late funeral director Bob Bryant, and in the early 1960’s she asked many of Charlotte’s most powerful bankers, lawyers, ministers, doctors, teachers and community servants to join her on a Planned Parenthood board.

In 1971, two years before abortions were legalized, the agency opened its first health Planned Parenthood center on Morehead Street.

It began after Wallace Kuralt and banker Art Jones approached Bryant to start the Planned Parenthood health center, “We were like a Third World country in that area at the time,” she once stated.

An ardent proponent of population control, in 1969 Jones predicted that, “Unless something is done, the human race is threatened with extinction within 200 years.” His ultimate solution was: abortion calling it a “very necessary medical tool for population restraint.

Arthur Jones NC abortion

Jones was responsible for North Carolina’s passage of a liberal abortion law in 1967 and blamed the “overpopulation” problem on a growing number of social ills: poverty, ghettos, crime, and mental illness.

Much of the idea for Jone’s abortion bill came from Wallace Kuralt, according to author David Gurrow.

Kuralt proposed that the abortion law’s focus be on the “health of the mother.” Kuralt and a welfare department attorney, Myles Hanes, wrote out a first draft of the abortion reform bill and presented it to Senator Herman Moore who mentioned it to Jones.

Just who was Wallace Kuralt?

Wallace Kuralt father to Charles Kuralt , who anchored CBS Sunday Morning , was a MONSTER – he was rooted in eugenics and not surprisingly in 1983 Planned Parenthood of Greater Charlotte gave him the Margaret Sanger Award – according to a Charlotte Observer Obituary from 1994.

The Charlotte Observer described Wallace Kuralt this way, “as architect of Mecklenburg’s program of eugenic sterilization – state-ordered surgery to stop the poor and disabled from bearing children – Kuralt helped write one of the most shameful chapters of North Carolina history.”

When we stop to reflect upon the thousands of physical, mental and social misfits in our midst,” the Observer quotes Kuralt from a 1964 article, “the thousands of families which are too large for the family to support, the one-tenth of our children born to an unmarried mother, the hoard of children rejected by parents, is there any doubt that health, welfare and education agencies need to redouble their efforts to prevent these conditions which are so costly to society?

The Eugenics Details:

A 1965 article published by the Pittsburgh Post Gazette says that Wallace Kuralt had been involved in a birth control program which saved the tax payers thousands of dollars. There it is plain and simple- that excuse for eugenics that – limiting births saves the taxpayer money.

“We have been just as concerned,” Wallace Kuralt observed,”to see that couples who could not have children were directed to the proper medical sources for help as we were to see that families who should not have more children were directed to the proper sources of information,” Kuralt told the Milwaukee Sentinel in 1965.

So, exactly who are the people who should not have more children? Well, research unearthed recently has revealed that most of them were Black women. In fact, North Carolina is one of the few states which has publicly apologized for the state wide Eugenics program which sterilized thousands of blacks. North Carolina has even made their eugenics documents available to the public and has since offered reparations to the victims of sterilization.

Kuralt PP

Entitled: Wallace Kuralt’s era of sterilization, the Charlotte Observer detailed the acts of monstrosity by this Planned Parenthood Award Winner and true to form- they failed to mention the award !

As the New York Times describes Kuralt’s eugenics connections, “wealthy businessmen, among them James Hanes, the hosiery magnate, and Dr. Clarence Gamble, heir to the Procter & Gamble fortune, drove the eugenics movement. They helped form the Human Betterment League of North Carolina in 1947, and found a sympathetic bureaucrat in Wallace Kuralt, the father of the television journalist Charles Kuralt.

“A proponent of birth control in all forms, Mr. Kuralt used the program extensively when he was director of the Mecklenburg County welfare department from 1945 to 1972. That county had more sterilizations than any other in the state.

“Over all, about 70 percent of the North Carolina operations took place after 1945, and many of them were on poor young women and racial minorities. Nonwhite minorities made up about 40 percent of those sterilized, and girls and women about 85 percent.

“The program, while not specifically devised to target racial minorities, affected black Americans disproportionately because they were more often poor and uneducated and from large rural families.”

Another interesting connection is that the doctor who worked with Kuiralt also had Planned Parenthood ties.

According to the Charlotte Observer, many of the women sterilized in the late 1950s were seen by the Health Department’s Dr. Elizabeth Corkey, an obstetrician.

It is noteworthy to point out that Corkey joined in a lawsuit to overturn North Carolina’s abortion ban in 1970.

Dr. Corkey died Thursday, August 24, 1995, but according to the obituary in the Charlotte Observer, she helped start the Charlotte chapter of Planned Parenthood. Corkey’s connection to the abortion giant is documented on the Planned Parenthood website – here. And in this 1964 article she is a speaker at a Planned Parenthood conference.

Kuralt and Corkey sent dozens of sterilization cases to the Eugenics Board for approval.

According to the Charlotte Observer, in 1960, just under 25 percent of Mecklenburg residents were African-American.

But blacks made up more than 80 percent of the people ordered sterilized at the request of the Welfare Department between 1955 and 1966. In 1957, the peak year for Mecklenburg, the state approved sterilizations of 52 blacks and five whites.

This news comes on the heals of MANY North Carolina Eugenics Victims coming forward to tell their horrors- those responsible for funding the North Carolina Eugenics Society associated with Planned Parenthood and the details are here under the victim name: Elaine Riddick

A great documentary about this Eugenics relationship of Planned Parenthood is the film: Maafa21 – see a clip here – watch it in full it is a stunning film !

Blacks sterilized by eugenics program funded by Margaret Sanger supporter

Posted in Clarence Gamble, Elaine Riddick, Eugenics in North Carolina, Eugenics Review, Life Dynamics, Margaret Sanger and AES, North Carolina Eugenics with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 11, 2014 by saynsumthn

Maafa21 logo by Life Dynamics originally published here

Apr 11, 2014 10:57:00 AM

Eugenic sterilization programs existed in America in at least 31 states. Many of the women forced or coerced into sterilization were black.

From 1929 to 1974, the state of North Carolina forcibly sterilized thousands of people who were deemed to be mentally handicapped, promiscuous or unfit to have children.

Life Dynamics has documented the history of the American Eugenics Society including North Carolina’s forced sterilization program in their film, Maafa21: Black Genocide in 21st Century America.

Eugenics Society member, Margaret Sanger, who later founded Planned Parenthood, also advocated sterilization of the so-called unfit.

In 1950 Sanger advocated eugenic sterilization in a personal letter she wrote to Katharine Dexter McCormick, an heir to the International Harvester fortune who used her immense wealth to fund the development of the birth-control pill.

Sanger wrote, “I consider that the world and almost our civilization for the next twenty-five years, is going to depend upon a simple, cheap, safe contraceptive to be used in poverty stricken slums, jungles, and among the most ignorant people. Even this will not be sufficient, because I believe that now, immediately; there should be national sterilization for certain dysgenic types of our population who are being encouraged to breed and would die out were the government not feeding them.”

Sanger I Consider

Sanger’s connections to eugenics was nothing new. She had long praised their ideologies and published several articles on the topic in her Birth Control Review.

In 1935, Sanger’s American Birth Control League published a resolution to unite with the American Eugenics Society.

Sanger 1935abcl-eugenics

Mark Crutcher, President of Life Dynamics elaborates, “These ties between eugenics and Planned Parenthood’s founder were so well established that Sanger, who was a long standing member of the American Eugenics Society, once pursued a plan to merge the American Birth Control League, or Planned Parenthood as it was later called, with the American Eugenics Society. However, despite Sanger’s strong support for the merger, it would eventually be rejected by the leadership of the American Eugenics Society. Sanger then pushed a proposal that would have combined the publications of the two organizations into one magazine. But again, that idea was also rejected by the American Eugenics Society.”

In 1939, Sanger described the American Birth Control League’s Negro Project in a letter to fellow eugenicist, Clarence Gamble, “The minister’s work is also important and also he should be trained, perhaps by the Federation as to our ideals and the goal that we hope to reach. We do not want the word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.”


Gamble was a heir to the Proctor and Gamble fortune and a major financial backer of Sanger’s.

Gamble was also a director of Margaret Sanger’s American Birth Control League, which later changed its name to Planned Parenthood.

Gamble Sterilization EU

In 1947, Gamble called for the expansion of North Carolina’s State’s sterilization program saying that for every feeble minded person sterilized, 40 more were polluting and degrading the bloodlines of future generation with their defective genes.

Research from North Carolina’s Winston-Salem Journal reveals a long history of abuses in the N.C. sterilization program — abuses that Gamble consistently glossed over. According to the Journal, “Gamble wanted sterilizations to increase rather than decrease, and increase they did.”

But merely wanting the sterilizations to happen was not enough for this Margaret Sanger supporter. Clarence Gamble put his money where his eugenics views were and actually funded the North Carolina Eugenics Board that sterilized many blacks, including 14 year old Elaine Riddick.

This is her story excerpted from Life Dynamics’ film: Maafa21:

Shortly after this interview in Maafa21, Elaine Riddick testified before the North Carolina State Legislature in a successful effort to receive compensation for the sterilization.

They cut me open like I was a hog,” Elaine Riddick testified tearfully, “I didn’t even know nothing about this stuff.”

Riddick told the lawmakers that her only crime was being poor, BLACK, and from a bad home environment.

North Carolina was not the only state whose eugenics programs were influenced by friends of Sanger or Planned Parenthood. In some parts of the country, Planned Parenthood was closely associated with these state eugenics boards and was often a referral agency for them.
PP Eugenics Tree

In fact, documents from eugenics publications reveal that ‪later, as Sanger’s American Birth Control League morphed into Planned Parenthood they received rent free space from ‪the Eugenics Society.

A fact which is rarely reported is that, in many places, Planned Parenthood was one and the same as the Eugenics Society.

For example, when the first birth control clinic was opened in Arkansas, it was operated by the Arkansas Eugenics Association and overseen by a woman named Hilda Cornish.
Hilda Cornish ARK eugenics Society letter

Later the Arkansas Eugenics Association would become the Arkansas State Affiliate of Planned Parenthood and Cornish would be named its executive director.

Planned Parenthood ARK eugenics society

Supporters and directors of Margaret Sanger were, like her, entrenched in eugenics. Sanger’s backers knew that they were promoting views that would limit the population of a certain group or race of people, primarily African Americans. Their eugenics agenda reached into the lives of innocent and unsuspecting victims like Elaine Riddick with programs of coerced sterilization. But Elaine represents merely a fraction of the black women affected by eugenics.

Over the years the names of these organizations may have changed but their eugenics agenda remains the same and are targeting more unsuspecting people today.

Elaine Riddick

Euphemisms and sterilization target code words, for example, “feebleminded”, were used to describe Black women like me, Elaine Riddick. I was forcibly sterilized at the age of 14 years under North Carolina’s inhumane forced sterilization policy. A policy that was derived from Margaret Sanger’s Planned Parenthood population control handbook, which spread across the United States by her loyal band of eugenicists and lobbying our elected officials,” Elaine Riddick wrote recently.

For more on the forced sterilization of Black women and the eugenics movement, watch Maafa21.

For more on Life Dynamics go here

Eugenics Victim passes away

Posted in Elaine Riddick, Eugenics, North Carolina Eugenics, Planned Parenthood and Eugenics with tags , , , , , , on December 10, 2012 by saynsumthn

Between 1929 and 1974, the state – through the N.C. Eugenics Board – authorized the sterilizations of some 7,600 North Carolinians who were classified as mentally ill, epileptic or “feebleminded.”

leladunston (1)Lela Mae Moore Dunston of Raleigh was a courageous advocate, passionately arguing that she and the other victims of the state’s forced sterilization program should be compensated. She died July 9, shortly after hearing that the state Senate had let the strong push to compensate fizzle.

Dunston was just 63 when she died from longstanding health problems. Other victims, such as 79-year-old Willis Lynch of Warren County, have repeatedly told me that the state is waiting for them to die so it won’t have to compensate them.

John Railey of the Fay Observer feels that Dunston’s death should stand for something. It should be a clarion call for Gov. Bev Perdue to spend her last weeks in office pushing the state legislature to finally help these hurting and dying victims, if not before she leaves office, at least in January as the legislature reconvenes.

Charmaine Fuller Cooper, the former head of Perdue’s foundation on compensation, told John Railey of the Fay Observer, that Dunston was very important in the compensation fight. She’d called Dunston in the hospital to let her know about the bad news from the Senate. “She was not happy at all,” Cooper said.

The story of Dunston’s sterilization is tragic. Her story is not that different from many other victims of the state’s program.

Dunston was 13. She lived with her mother in Wilmington. She was pregnant with her first child. It would be the only baby the state would let her have. She raised that son.

Like most victims, Dunston had no idea that what happened to her was part of a nationwide movement. Finally, a few years ago, she read about the state sterilization program in a newspaper. She tracked down state records that confirmed she was one of the more than 7,600 victims of the program that, by zeroing in on black women and girls like her in its last years, was genocide.

“I didn’t understand it,” Dunston told me. “They just went on and did what they wanted to do. Chopped on us like we were animals.”

Lela Mae Moore Dunston lived in Raleigh, just a few miles away from where a board of men and women she’d never met voted to have her sterilized in March of 1963.

Many of these victims have read the petitions for sterilizations that social workers wrote about them. Often, they contain more racism and class prejudice than hard facts. The petition to sterilize Dunston says that she and her mother “live in an area that has a low socio-economic level.” Dunston is described as “a rather alert little Negro girl” who “wore a very ragged sweater and her hair literally stood on end all over her head.”

That was “a bunch of baloney,” Dunston said.

In the early 1960s, as Gov. Terry Sanford was leading North Carolina through integration, the sterilization program, which operated beneath the radar, began targeting black women of modest means. Sometimes, the petitions contained outright lies, as in this line from Dunston’s: “Both the mother and Lela Mae understand that sterilization will result in Lela Mae not being able to reproduce and both seem happy with this.”

Dunston said she didn’t know what the operation was about. “I was only 13,” Dunston said. “Thirteen years old you don’t know nothing about this kind of mess. You’re a child yourself.”


Willis Lynch was just 14-years-old when he was sterilized at a state training school in Kinston, N.C., in the late 1940’s. At the time the Eugenics Board had declared that no ward of the Caswell Training School, “should be released before being sterilized, except in the few instances where normal children have been committed through error.” Willis was sent to the training school by his mother, who was overwhelmed with caring for seven children on welfare.

Here is a sample of what the Eugenics Victims have said:

Elaine Riddick:I have to get out what the state of North Carolina did to me. I am not feeble minded. I’ve never been feeble minded. They slandered me. They ridiculed and harassed me. They cut me open like I was a hog, My body was too young for what they did to me. I had to have a child at the age of 14. When I had my son, at the same time they took my child in cesarean and then did that to me. What do you think I’m worth? … I’ve never had nobody to take care of me. I’ve had to do this all by myself. I never had anyone give me anything. I had to pick my own self up…What am I worth? The kids I didn’t have. Couldn’t have. What are they worth?”

Tony Riddick added, “You harmed my mother and killed her womb . When u look forward – It’s genocide – premeditated murder – you deserve to be punished….This is sinister. I know I don’t have the power to bring justice myself….We say we are a nation that’s concerned and compassionate and these victims have not been compensated yet. For my mother, it’s been 43 years…God will hold you accountable for what you have done to my mom.”

LeLa Dunston (victim)
“I can’t have no babies…They told me to sign papers. I didn’t sign papers. That was not my signature on these papers…I need a reward or something…some kind of compensation for all they put me through. I wanted more children. I wouldn’t have minded having a daughter. Maybe two, maybe three.”

Australia Clay (victim’s family member)
“Every victim that went through any of this victimization was a guinea pig. A science guinea pig. It was bogus medicine. Bogus science…This is North Carolina’s holocaust. We need a wall. We need a library. My mother needs her name and picture in a library room.”

Melissa Hyatt (victim’s loved one)
“Nobody explained what the surgery was for, at least to him.”

Karen Beck (victim’s family member)
“I’m sure the surgeons that wielded the knives against their small bodies believed they were doing the right thing. Indeed, how could any of them be wrong?”

Deborah Chesson (victim’s family member)
“The eugenics board has deemed my mother nothing. To me, she is everything….You tore families apart. You hurt people. There’s no compensation that can put that back.”

After years of telling and re-telling her story, Sterilization victim, Elaine Riddick is pleading with the state of North Carolina to take responsibility for what they did to her through their Eugenics Programs.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

NC Sterilization Victims Scream, Shout At Publi…, posted with vodpod

“They cut me open like I was a hog,” said Elaine Riddick, who was sterilized at age 14. “I didn’t even know nothing about this stuff.”
Riddick, now 57, said her only crime was being poor, BLACK, and from a bad home environment.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Listen to what the State of North Carolina’s Eugenic Board (Funded by Margaret Sanger supporter- Clarence Gamble more below) did to this “African American woman” : Elaine Riddick

( this clip below from the powerful documentary on eugenics and black genocide called: Maafa21 )

Clarence Gamble a supporter and funder of the founder of Planned Parenthood’s founder Margaret Sanger… funded the North Carolina Eugenics Society which sterilized this woman and many black women as well. Click Here : Clarence Gamble.

Gamble also supported Margaret Sanger’s Birth Control Movement. Sanger was the founder of Planned Parenthood and she had many of her board members and presidents were members of the American Eugenics Society.

According to the North Carolina Winston-Salem Journal, “Clarence Gamble who helped found the Human Betterment League of North Carolina in 1947 did so to promote eugenic sterilization. Journal research shows a long history of abuses in the N.C. sterilization program – abuses that Gamble consistently glossed over..” Gamble wanted sterilizations to increase rather than decrease, and increase they did.

Think the targeting of blacks for sterilization was coincidence? Just like they way they are targeted today for abortion??? Think again:

Read what Planned Parenthood Founder, Margaret Sanger, wrote to Dr. Clarence Gamble (who funded the State of North Carolina’s Eugenics Programs) in a letterdated December 19, 1939,
We should hire three or four colored ministers, preferably with social-service backgrounds, and with engaging personalities. The most successful educational approach to the Negro is through a religious appeal. The minister’s work is also important and also he should be trained, perhaps by the Federation [of Eugenicists] as to our ideals and the goal that we hope to reach. We don’t want the word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.” that plan was called “The NEGRO Project”.

Read all the ways Eugenics Financier Clarence Gamble supporter Planned Parenthood’s founder: Margaret Sanger, on the website of the Pathfinder Website, an organization founded by Clarence Gamble Here

Learn More on eugenics in the film Maafa21 (trailer below)


Planned Parenthood founder, Margaret Sanger, was a member in good standing with the racist American Eugenics Society. Sanger had board members who were known for their racist writing and Sanger published many of those in her publications. Sanger called for parents to have a QUOTE: LICENSE TO BREED controlled by people who believed in her eugenic philosophy. She wanted all would be parents to go before her eugenic boards to request a “PERMIT TO BREED“.

Margaret Sanger once said, “More children from the fit, less from the unfit — that is the chief aim of birth control.” Birth Control Review, May 1919, p. 12

In Margaret Sanger’s, “Birth Control and Racial Betterment,” Feb 1919. Birth Control Review , Library of Congress Microfilm 131:0099B .
Sanger states, “Before eugenists and others who are laboring for racial betterment can succeed, they must first clear the way for Birth Control. Like the advocates of Birth Control, the eugenists, for instance, are seeking to assist the race toward the elimination of the unfit. Both are seeking a single end but they lay emphasis upon different methods.

Eugenists emphasize the mating of healthy couples for the conscious purpose of producing healthy children, the sterilization of the unfit to prevent their populating the world with their kind and they may, perhaps, agree with us that contraception is a necessary measure among the masses of the workers, where wages do not keep pace with the growth of the family and its necessities in the way of food, clothing, housing, medical attention, education and the like.

We who advocate Birth Control, on the other hand, lay all our emphasis upon stopping not only the reproduction of the unfit but upon stopping all reproduction when there is not economic means of providing proper care for those who are born in health.While I personally believe in the sterilization of the feeble-minded, the insane and syphilitic, I have not been able to discover that these measures are more than superficial deterrents when applied to the constantly growing stream of the unfitEugenics without Birth Control seems to us a house builded upon the sands. It is at the mercy of the rising stream of the unfit…

Sanger also called for those who were poor and what she considered to be “morons and immoral‘ , to be shipped to colonies where they would live in “Farms and Open Spaces” dedicated to brainwashing these so-called “inferior types” into having what Sanger called, “Better moral conduct”.

I consider that the world and almost our civilization for the next twenty-five years, is going to depend upon a simple, cheap, safe contraceptive to be used in poverty stricken slums, jungles, and among the most ignorant people. Even this will not be sufficient, because I believe that now, immediately, there should be national sterilization for certain dysgenic types of our population who are being encouraged to breed and would die out were the government not feeding them.
Planned Parenthood Founder, Margaret Sanger, 1950

In addition, Planned Parenthood’s top award is called the Margaret Sanger Award, despite the fact that Sanger was an admitted Klan speaker. This is what Sanger wrote in her autobiography, “I accepted an invitation to talk to the women’s branch of the Ku Klux Klan…I saw through the door dim figures parading with banners and illuminated crosses…I was escorted to the platform, was introduced, and began to speak…In the end, through simple illustrations I believed I had accomplished my purpose. A dozen invitations to speak to similar groups were proffered.” (Margaret Sanger: An Autobiography, P.366 Read it here

The Eugenics links to Sanger and Planned Parenthood

Planned Parenthood invites the Director of the American Eugenics Society to speak at it’s luncheon. Robert C. Cook was invited to speak at the meeting. The meeting was held to discuss the objectives of Planned Parenthood…but…don’t take my word for it: Read the article yourself here:

(Source:Schenectady Gazette – Oct 20, 1958)

Professor Henry P. Fairchild: Former Past President of the American Eugenics Society was also a Vice President of Planned Parenthood….but…don’t take my word for it: Read the article yourself – here
( SOURCE: Schenectady Gazette – Dec 5, 1951)

Vice Chairman of the American Birth Control League brags that birth control was accepted by the “most distinguished” of the Eugenics Society- here
(SOURCE: The Miami News – Nov 21, 1921)

(LBJ) Lyndon B. Johnson accepts the Margaret Sanger Award and it is mentioned that Dwight D. Eisenhower and Harry S. Truman are co-chairs of a Planned Parenthood honorary council- here
( SOURCE: Lodi News-Sentinel – Oct 10, 1966)

1947- Margaret Sanger says that women should stop having babies because there won’t be enough food to feed them otherwise. ( Have we heard that recently?) well -that was in 1947 and women continued to pro-create…did we all starve? Just checking?
Read article here

(SOURCE: The Evening Independent – Jul 2, 1947)

NAACP – accused Planned Parenthood clinics of “genocide’ – here
( SOURCE: The Pittsburgh Press – Dec 14, 1967)

And here

There is some suspicion in a New England black community surveyed that family planning programs are forms of black genocide, a team of researchers from the University of Massachusetts found. (SOURCE: Genocide Fears of Blacks Found in Birth Plan Study 4/11/1971)

Margaret Sanger helped Bermuda set up birth control clinics when they discovered there was a huge increase in the Negro Population – ( Times Daily – Jun 16, 1937) here

Margaret Sanger concerned that the Well-to-do is using Birth Control while the “feeble minded” are not. She urges that birth control gets legalized so that these “unskilled” , “sub-normal” and “feeble minded” will not out-number the “intellectuals” (The Pittsburgh Press – Dec 30, 1928) Here

In 1962, Vice President of the American Eugenics Society at the time, Dr. Alan Guttmacher wants abortion laws patterned after Sweden and other nations. One reason they list to allow abortions is :EUGENIC ! Also- Guttmacher at this point says he does NOT BELIEVE that abortion should be left up to the patient or their doctor, rather it should be up to “Special Board” to approve the abortion. (Eugenic Board, perhaps?) ( The Miami News – Aug 12, 1962) Read Here ( Alan Guttmacher is a former Vice President of The American Eugenics Society and a Former President of Planned Parenthood)


132 Eugenics Victims in 51 Counties Now Verified by State

Posted in Eugenics, North Carolina Eugenics with tags on May 1, 2012 by saynsumthn

North Carolina
Department of Administration

OFFICE OF : Beverly Eaves Perdue, Governor
Moses Carey Jr., Secretary

Date April 25, 2012

Gov. Bev Perdue Announces Budget Plan to Fund Victim Compensation, Continue Foundation

RALEIGH – The N.C. Justice for Sterilization Victims Foundation today confirmed another increase in the number of verified victims sterilized by the state’s former Eugenics Board program. To date, 132 people in 51 counties have been matched to state program records.

Gov. Bev Perdue earlier announced that she will include $10.3 million in her budget proposal this year for Eugenics-related efforts. The funds will go towards two main purposes. First, they will support $50,000 payments to verified victims of the state’s former Eugenics Board program for suffering involuntary sterilization. Funds will also ensure continued operations of the N.C. Justice for Sterilization Victims Foundation, which provides ongoing outreach and clearinghouse services for assisting Eugenics victims.

“We cannot change the terrible things that happened to so many of our most vulnerable citizens, but we can take responsibility for our state’s mistakes and show that we do not tolerate violations of basic human rights,” Gov. Perdue said. “We must provide meaningful assistance to victims, so I am including this funding in my budget.”

The Governor’s proposal calls for recurring funding over several years. This will allow for prompt compensation of verified victims and establish processes for the Sterilization Victims Foundation to adequately process search requests for additional victims. State lawmakers, who have demonstrated bipartisan support on this matter, are responsible for the final determination of the type and source of any compensation provided.

Lenoir County, where the Caswell Center is located, continues to have the highest number of verifications with 19 matches to N.C. Eugenics Board records. Mecklenburg, which had the highest number of procedures of any North Carolina county, follows with 12 verifications, then Wake with 11.

However, two of the counties ranked in the Top 10 for number of procedures have no matches to date. Note that verified victims who now reside elsewhere are counted in the county where the procedure was performed.

“We received more than 1,900 phone inquiries in the first three months of 2012, but we have yet to verify any victims in dozens of counties where we know many procedures were performed,” said Foundation Executive Director Charmaine Fuller Cooper. “We believe that some people have waited to come forward until they know the outcome. We hope that the Governor’s support will encourage more people to come forward now instead of waiting.”

The Sterilization Victims Foundation is continuing to receive verification inquiries from people who feel that they were impacted by the state’s former Eugenics Board program. If you believe you are or know someone who may have been affected by the program, call the toll-free hotline 877-550-6013 (or 919-807-4270) for information, or visit the Foundation’s website:

The N.C. Eugenics Board implemented a program of involuntary sterilization that took place in all 100 counties between 1929 and 1974. By the end of the program, nearly 7,600 documented people were sterilized. This table shows a county breakdown of verified victims based on the county of residence listed on sterilization petitions. This breakdown is compared to sterilizations performed per county during the peak program years of 1946 through 1968.

African American Women tells story of eugenic sterilization

Posted in North Carolina Eugenics with tags , , , on April 24, 2012 by saynsumthn

Woman tells story of unwanted sterilization

Naomi Schenck wanted to be like her mother. She craved a big family. She married at 16 and got pregnant at 17.
She miscarried.

Schenck went to Shelby Hospital for a D&C, a procedure women often have after a miscarriage to clear out the uterus.

As the doctor walked past Schenck she heard him say to a nurse, “Cut her.”

A scared teenager, Schenck did not know what significance those two words would later play in her life. When leaving the hospital, Schenck looked to the doctor who told her she wouldn’t be having any children. Unbeknownst to her, Schenk had a hysterectomy.

Schenck was one of thousands of North Carolinians who were sterilized without their permission while the practice was legal for nearly 50 years.
Legal sterilization

From 1929 to 1974, North Carolina allowed forced sterilization.

When Schenck heard that legislators were checking into the victims of forced sterilization, her ears perked up.

Gov. Bev Perdue formed a task force.

That task force held a hearing and compiled a list of statistics and suggestions to compensate those forcibly sterilized.

Schenck went to the hearing in Raleigh. Now in her 80s, she caught a ride with a friend.

The N.C. Justice for Sterilization Victims Foundation, as a Division of the Department of Administration, has compiled a list of everyone sterilized through the state program.
In the report submitted to the governor, living victims would be given $50,000 in compensation. But that recommendation does not include people like Schenck.

In an effort to prove her case, Schenck contacted Shelby Hospital where her procedure was conducted more than 50 years ago. Schenck was told there are no records on file that predate 1980.

Fullercooper said that’s an unfortunate stumbling block many sterilization survivors are tripping on.

Prior to the past 20 years, laws regulating and protecting medical documents were not as firm as they are now, she said.
HIPPA wasn’t put into place until 15 years ago, she added.

Perdue has put on the record that she plans to include a compensation plan for sterilization survivors in the upcoming state budget, despite the economic strain already weighting down resources.

Schenck was disappointed when she got the letter telling her she would not be compensated by the state. She needs hospital records to prove the procedure took place.
She said that the matter isn’t all about money, but for her efforts and suffering, she would like to be acknowledged and compensated.

“The best thing is gone,” she said, “that I couldn’t have children. They don’t realize what that did to a person. That took a lot away that I could never get back.”

Read full report here :

Sterilization victims talk about their pain

Posted in Forced Sterilization, North Carolina Eugenics with tags , , , , , , on February 24, 2012 by saynsumthn

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Special Report: Sterilization victims talk about their pain
WILMINGTON, NC (WECT) – Two women from southeastern North Carolina are among the thousands of victims of the state’s Eugenics program. For more than 40 years, officials ordered doctors to perform sterilizations on more than 7,600 men, women, boys and girls to keep them from having children that would likely need social services.

Many of the victims of this program had some mental disabilities, and were categorized at the time as “feebleminded” or “retarded”. Some patients diagnosed with epilepsy were also sterilized, according to state records. While officials cannot pinpoint the exact number of victims still alive, as of 2010 the State Center for Health Statistics estimated that number to be around 2,940.

Lela Dunston is one of those victims. Lela grew up in Wilmington, living with her family on Queen Street. A psychological examination at the age of 12 said Lela was in need of special education. “They told my mother I was feebleminded,” she says. “And that I wasn’t capable of having children.”

But Lela did have a child when she was 14. Her son James still lives with her today in Raleigh. After James was born in 1963, the Eugenics Board of North Carolina ordered doctors to sterilize Lela so she could not have any more children. A move she has trouble understanding nearly 50 years later.

“God put us in this world to produce children, not get rid of them,” Lela said from her home in Raleigh. “He didn’t do it so someone could take all your organs so you can’t have any children”.

Elnora Mills is another sterilization victim, but her story is different than Lela Dunston’s story. Elnora grew up in Brunswick County, and still lives in an area of Maco not far from her parent’s home. She had a nervous breakdown in June of 1966 and spent one month in a psychiatric hospital. The following year, at the age of 16, Elnora had to go to the hospital for what records say was an appendectomy. During that same surgery, after Elnora’s parents approved the state’s order, doctors at New Hanover Memorial Hospital also sterilized her. “My momma and daddy probably thought it was right for them to do it,” Elnora said from her home.

No one ever told Elnora about the sterilization at the time. It wasn’t until 1969, when Elnora and her husband Buddy tried to have children that she found out. She learned during a doctor’s appointment. She remembers walking out of the office and telling her husband. “When I read to him what they did to me, he cried,” she said, getting emotional during our interview. “They (the doctors in 1967) should have told me what they did to me. I didn’t think it was right that I had to wait until 1969 to find out my tubes were cut and burnt.”

Lela Dunston and some other eugenics victims testified in public hearings held in 2011 by the N.C. Justice for Sterilization Victims Foundation. Governor Beverly Perdue formed the group to work on identifying victims, and recommending compensation on behalf of the State of North Carolina. Elnora did not know about the effort until watching a report in January on WECT’s sister station, Fox Wilmington News at 10. After calling the newsroom, Elnora was put in touch with the Foundation, and along with Lela is now eligible for restitution the state might pay to the victims. Foundation members are recommending $50,000 to each surviving victim.

“I think it’s bogus,” Lela said when asked her opinion on the recommendation. “I would tell them they are wrong, and the state needs to compensate me better than they’re thinking about paying me”.

Elnora agrees that $50,000 is not enough compensation for the victims. “You can’t put a price tag on that,” she said. “My husband has missed out on not having children. Money can’t take care of what happened to me. They shouldn’t have done what they did without telling me.”

Lawmakers in the General Assembly are expected to take up the Foundation’s recommendation when they reconvene in May.

Black woman claims doctor secretly (eugenically) sterilized her

Posted in North Carolina Eugenics with tags , , , , , , , on February 17, 2012 by saynsumthn

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Woman claims doctor secretly sterilized her
Thursday, February 16, 2012
Steve Daniels

RALEIGH, NC (WTVD) — When Sarah Cotton had severe stomach pain and bleeding in 2007, her sister Brenda Womble took her to see a doctor.
What they saw in CT scan images stunned them.

“We were just flabbergasted,” Womble recalled.

The X-Ray images showed Cotton had an IUD – an intrauterine device designed to prevent pregnancy – in her body. Until that moment, Cotton never knew it was there.
The sisters began tracing back through Cotton’s medical history, and realized the device had been implanted some 40 years before without her permission.

“It was something forced on her without her consent and I equate that as a woman being raped. It’s something against her wishes,” offered Womble – a professor at NC Central University.

Cotton was 21 in 1967 when she gave birth to her third child at the Mathiesen Clinic in Pittsboro, NC. According to the birth certificate, Dr. K.M. Mathiesen delivered the baby boy.
Womble said her brother-in-law recalled having a heated conversation with Dr. Mathiesen.

“The last thing he heard was ‘You-all don’t need to have any more children,'” said Womble. “He had to have inserted it right there because she was still in the hospital.”
That a doctor could take it upon himself to secretly prevent a woman from having more children is not surprising to Dr. Eric Juengst with the UNC Center for Biomedical Ethics.
“This sort of surreptitious sterilization or implantation of contraceptives was done,” he explained.

In 1967, North Carolina was at the height of its eugenics movement. According to the state’s own records, the Eugenics Board ordered women as young as 10 sterilized for offenses as minor as not getting along with schoolmates, being promiscuous or running afoul of local social workers or doctors.

North Carolina wasn’t alone. Nationwide, there were more than 60,000 known victims of sterilization programs, with perhaps another 40,000 sterilized through “unofficial” channels like hospitals or local health departments working on their own initiative.

North Carolina records reflect it officially sterilized some 7,600 people between 1929 and 1974.

“These decisions were made disproportionally for poor, people of color, uneducated, the marginalized parts of the societies,” said Juengst.

Eugenics was aimed at creating a “better society” by filtering out people considered undesirable, ranging from criminals to those imprecisely designated as “feeble-minded.”
North Carolina officially ended the sterilization program in 1977, three years after the last procedure. In 2002, then-Gov. Mike Easley apologized for the program. Just last month, a governor’s task force on eugenics released its final report and recommended paying $50,000 to each living victim. The issue now goes to the General Assembly for action.
Womble told ABC11 what happened to her sister was a reflection of the times.

“It was an era where blacks were ill treated,” she said. “The 60s is when the riots were going on, the blacks were protesting, we were trying to get our equal rights.”
While Cotton’s case was not part of the official eugenics program, Juengst told ABC11 he finds it just as disturbing.

“It’s particularly problematic from a moral point of view. Not just for the moral, [there are] ethical reasons that you shouldn’t do things to patients without their consent,” he said. “Legally, this was battery, essentially unconsented touching, and that applies to the practice of medicine as well as to people on the street.”
Womble agreed.

“Battery is a very strong word and I think that is the correct word to use for her and for this situation,” she said. “It was just like taking an animal and doing something to the animal that couldn’t fight back. It was horrible.”

Womble said her sister has no doubt Dr. Mathiesen was the doctor responsible.

“She’s certain about that because she went to no other doctors. She’s never been sick, we didn’t get physical checkups back then,” she explained.
Dr. Mathiesen’s side of the story is not available. He died in 1999.

According to old newspaper articles, the Mathiesen Clinic in the heart of Pittsboro opened in 1949 and closed in the 1970s. Mathiesen’s old medical partner told ABC11 the clinic did implant IUDs in the 1960s, but only with the patient’s consent.

He told us Mathiesen was a good doctor and a compassionate man. Some long-time Pittsboro residents agree.

“He was the only person who could give medical attention to anyone at the time – black or white,” offered Kevin Sanders who remembers the clinic where he was born.
“My grandmother still speaks so highly of him, and she’s going on 93,” he said.

But Womble and her sister have a different view of the late doctor.

“I don’t know the man personally, so I hate to make a judgment about his character. I just know what was done to my sister,” said Womble.

Cotton had the IUD surgically removed and the pain in her stomach went away. The 40-year mystery about why she never had any more children was solved.

“I think there is a lot of sadness with it. It’s a sadness when I reach back and see how she longed for children,” said Womble.

Womble told ABC11 she doesn’t believe her sister was the only woman who had an IUD implanted against her will. She’d like to know if there are more victims out there.