The Center for Disease Prevention ( CDC) has just released its latest abortion numbers.
Each year, the CDC requests abortion data from the central health agencies of 52 reporting areas (the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City). The reporting areas provide this information voluntarily. For 2010, data were received from 49 reporting areas. For the purpose of trend analysis, abortion data were evaluated from the 46 areas that reported data every year during 2001–2010. Census and natality data, respectively, were used to calculate abortion rates (number of abortions per 1,000 women) and ratios (number of abortions per 1,000 live births).
Results: A total of 765,651 abortions were reported to CDC for 2010. Of these abortions, 753,065 (98.4%) were from the 46 reporting areas that provided data every year during 2001–2010. Among these same 46 reporting areas, the abortion rate for 2010 was 14.6 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years, and the abortion ratio was 228 abortions per 1,000 live births. Compared with 2009, the total number and rate of reported abortions for 2010 decreased 3% and reached the lowest levels for the entire period of analysis (2001–2010); the abortion ratio was stable, changing only 0.4%. From 2001 to 2010, the total number, rate, and ratio of reported abortions decreased 9%, 10%, and 8%, respectively. Given the 3% decrease from 2009 to 2010 in the total number and rate of reported abortions, in combination with the 5% decrease that had occurred in the previous year from 2008 to 2009, the overall decrease for both measures was greater during 2006–2010 than during 2001–2005, despite the annual variations that resulted in no net decrease during 2006–2008.
2010 BLACK ABORTIONS:
The 2010 Census showed that the United States population on April 1, 2010, was 308.7 million. Out of the total population, 38.9 million people, or 13 percent, identified as Black alone.
in 2010, the abortion ratio increased 3% for non-Hispanic black women (from 486 abortions per 1,000 live births in 2007 to 503 in 2010). The actual reported numbers of abortion for non-Hispanic black women decreased 5% in 2010. (from 34.8 abortions per 1,000 women in 2007 to 33.2 in 2010).
The Data from 28 reporting areas; excludes 24 reporting areas (Arizona, California, Connecticut, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts,
Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and
Wyoming) that did not report, did not report by race/ethnicity, or did not meet reporting standards.
The report also reveals that 56.7% of abortions reported were for Hispanic and Black babies.
According to the CDC Abortion Surveillance Report dated November 29, 2013, there were 415,479 abortions for known ethnicity reported for selected states in 2010. 153,045 (or 36.8 percent) were non-Hispanic white babies, 148,261 (or 35.7 percent) were non-Hispanic black babies, 87,240 (or 21.0 percent) were Hispanic babies, and 26,933 (or 6.5 percent) were babies of other races or ethnicities.
Startling numbers reveal that 81.9 percent of the babies aborted in 2010 were Black or Hispanic in New York City with 71.7 percent reported for the entire state.
According to the Report there were 108,175 abortions performed in New York State for known ethnicity in 2010 and a total of 80,274 in New York City. 9,220 (or 11.5 percent) were non-Hispanic white babies, in New York City while 24,620 (or 22.8 percent) abortions were performed statewide in the same category.
Non-Hispanic black abortions performed in New York City reached, 38,574 (or 48.1 percent) and statewide 46,179 (or 42.7 percent) abortions were performed on non-Hispanic black babies.
Hispanic abortions totaled 27,112 (or 33.8 percent) abortions in New York City alone verses 31,383 (or 29.0 percent) for the state.
There were 5,368 (or 6.7 percent) abortions reported for babies of other races or ethnicities in New York City while the state reported 5,993 (or 5.5 percent).
In Texas 63.7 percent of the babies aborted in 2010 were Black or Hispanic.
According to the CDC Report there were 76,778 abortions performed in Texas in 2010. 23,548 (or 30.7 percent) were non-Hispanic white babies, 19,139 (or 24.9 percent) were non-Hispanic black babies, 29,771 (or 38.8 percent) were Hispanic babies, and 4,320 (or 5.6 percent) were babies of other races or ethnicities.
That is an increase from the CDC Abortion Surveillance report published on Nov. 23, 2012. According to that report, there were 77,152 abortions performed in Texas, 24,457 (or 31.7 percent) were non-Hispanic white babies, 19,152 (or 24.8 percent) were non-Hispanic black babies, 29,576 (or 38.3 percent) were Hispanic babies, and 3,967 (or 5.1 percent) were babies of other races or ethnicities.
The combined 48,728 black and Hispanic babies aborted in Texas in 2009 equaled 63.1 percent of the total of 77,152 abortions in the state.
In 2010 a majority of Black or Hispanic babies were also aborted in New Jersey (55.9 percent), the District of Columbia (64.8 percent) and Georgia (73.2 percent).
According to Guttmacher, research arm of Planned parenthood; In the early 1970s, more than two-thirds of all women obtaining abortions were white (70%, not shown). But beginning around 1980, the proportion of all abortions accounted for by nonwhite women began to increase steadily. By 2004, 37% of abortions were obtained by black women, 34% by non-Hispanic white women, 22% by Hispanic women and 8% by women of races other than white and black (Table 2).† To a large extent, these increased proportions reflect the increasing size of the minority population in the United States http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/2008/09/18/Report_Trends_Women_Obtaining_Abortions.pdf
Of the women who obtained abortions between 1972 and 1985, the proportion who were unmarried women increased steadily, from 70% to 81%. The percentages who were black or of other minority races increased from 23% to 33%, and the percentage who had had one or no previous live births increased from 67% to 77%. When abortions are studied by gestational age, the percentage distribution has been stable since 1977.
During the period 1972-1985, the proportion of women obtaining abortions who were unmarried increased steadily from 70% to 81%. In 1986, the proportion of unmarried women decreased to 73% and further declined in 1987 to 70%. The percentages of black women and women of other minority races increased from 23% in 1972 to 32% in 1987, and the proportion of women with one or no previous live births increased from 67% to 73% during the same period. The percentage distribution by gestational age has been stable since 1977.
1973 – 1984
During 1991, the abortion ratio for black women was more than twice that for white women, and the abortion rate for black women was about three times that for white women. Race-specific differences in abortion ratios and rates may reflect differences in factors such as socioeconomic status, contraceptive use, and access to family planning, contraceptive, and abortion services.
Thirty-four states, the District of Columbia, and New York City reported the race of women who obtained legal abortions. As in previous years, almost two thirds of women who obtained abortions were white. The abortion ratio for black women (518 per 1,000 live births), however, was more than twice that for white women (236 per 1,000 live births). The abortion ratio for women of other races (352 per 1,000 live births) was approximately 1.5 times greater than that for white women. In addition, the abortion rate for black women (41 per 1,000 black women) was 2.7 times greater than the rate for white women (15 per 1,000 white women).
1972-1994 – Selected Years
1972-1995- Selective years
In 1995, a total of 36 states, including the District of Columbia and New York City, reported Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained abortions. Because of concerns regarding the completeness of such information (greater than 15% unknown data) regarding Hispanic ethnicity in some states, data from only 21 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City were evaluated to determine the number and percentage of abortions obtained by women of Hispanic ethnicity in 1995. These geographical areas represent approximately 38% of all reproductive-aged Hispanic women in the United States in 1995 (CDC, unpublished data). One published report of a study that used abortion data obtained from CDC also suggests that the number of Hispanics obtaining abortions may be underestimated (20). Thus, the number, ratio, and rate of abortions for Hispanic women in this report might not be representative of the overall Hispanic population in the United States (i.e., these data might reflect utilization of abortion services only in the areas included in this analysis).
1972-1996 Selected Years
1972-1997 – Selected Years
1972-1998 selected years
The differential between the overall abortion ratio for black women and that for white women has increased steadily since 1989 (33). Rates and ratios for white women include data for Hispanics; therefore, comparisons of race may differ from state to state. Census Bureau estimates and birth certificate data show that the large majority of Hispanic women report themselves as white. Race-specific differences in legal induced abortion ratios and rates might reflect differences in factors such as socioeconomic status, access to family-planning and contraceptive services, contraceptive use, and incidence of unintended pregnancies.
As in the previous 3 years, the abortion-to-live-birth ratios for Hispanic women and non-Hispanic women during 1998 were similar (273 vs. 271). A 1996 report describing characteristics of women who obtain abortions stated that Hispanic women were less likely than non-Hispanic women to obtain an abortion (34). As in the past, the abortion rate per 1,000 Hispanic women was higher than the rate per 1,000 non-Hispanic women, which is consistent with several other studies (17,34). For women in all age groups, fertility was substantially higher for Hispanic than for non-Hispanic women (8).
In 1998, 38 states and the District of Columbia and New York City reported Hispanic ethnicity of women who obtained abortions. Because of concerns regarding the completeness of such information (>15% unknown data) in some states, data from only 23 states, the District of Columbia and New York City were evaluated to determine the number and percentage of abortions obtained by women of Hispanic ethnicity in 1998. These geographic areas represent less than half of all reproductive-age Hispanic women in the United States in 1998 and only about 40% of U.S. Hispanic births (8,35). Thus, the number of Hispanic women who obtain abortions is underestimated, and the number, ratio, and rate of abortions for Hispanic women in this report may not be representative of the overall Hispanic population in the United States.
Selected Rates 1972-1999
1999-2008, selected states
Among the 35 areas that reported race for 2008, white women (including Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women) accounted for the largest percentage (52.4%) of abortions; black women accounted for 40.2%, and women in the other races category accounted for 7.3% (Table 12). In contrast, black women had higher abortion rates and ratios than white women and women in the other races category (Table 12). Among the 26 reporting areas that provided data every year during 1999–2008, the percentage distribution of abortions by race changed little; although the percentage of abortions among women in the other races category increased, the percentage remained low (Table 13). Abortion rates decreased among women of all races during 1999–2008. However, among white women, decreases in abortion rates were greater during 1999–2003 than during 2004–2008. Among black women, decreases during 1999–2003 did not continue during 2004–2008, and from 2007 to 2008, abortion rates increased. Abortion ratios decreased during 1999–2008 among women of all races, and these decreases occurred both during 1999–2003 and during 2004–2008. However, this trend reversed among black women from 2007 to 2008 when their abortion ratio increased (Table 13).
Among the 28 areas that reported cross-classified race/ethnicity data for 2008 (Table 14), non-Hispanic white women and non-Hispanic black women accounted for 37.2% and 35.5% of all abortions. Hispanic women accounted for 21.1% of all abortions, and non-Hispanic women in the other races category accounted for 6.3%. Non-Hispanic white women had the lowest abortion rates (8.7 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years) and ratios (140 abortions per 1,000 live births), whereas non-Hispanic black women had the highest abortion rates (33.5 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years) and ratios (472 abortions per 1,000 live births). Among the 24 areas†††† that reported by race/ethnicity both in 2007 and 2008, increases in abortion rates and ratios were somewhat greater for non-Hispanic black women than for non-Hispanic white women and Hispanic women. Abortion rates increased 10% for non-Hispanic black women (from 32.2 abortions per 1,000 women in 2007 to 35.4 in 2008), 5% for non-Hispanic white women (from 8.6 abortions per 1,000 women in 2007 to 9.0 in 2008), and 2% for Hispanic women (from 20.0 abortions per 1,000 women in 2007 to 20.4 in 2008). Similarly abortion ratios increased 4% among non-Hispanic black women (from 481 abortions per 1,000 live births in 2007 to 501 in 2008), whereas they were more stable for non-Hispanic white women (at 145 abortions per 1,000 live births in 2007 and 144 in 2008) and for Hispanic women (at 201 abortions per 1,000 live births in 2007 to 196 in 2008). Because 2007 was the first year for which cross-classified race/ethnicity data were compiled, longer term trends could not be evaluated.
Among the 32 areas that reported ethnicity for 2008, Hispanic women accounted for 19.5% of all abortions, with an abortion rate of 20.3 abortions per 1,000 women and an abortion ratio of 192 abortions per 1,000 live births (Table 15). These results are similar, albeit slightly lower, to those for Hispanic women who obtained abortions in the 27 reporting areas that provided cross-classified race/ethnicity data (Table 14). Among the 19 reporting areas that provided ethnicity data every year during 1999–2008, the percentage of abortions accounted for by Hispanic women increased 15% (Table 16). Abortion rates and ratios decreased among Hispanic women during 1999–2008. However, these decreases were greater during 1999–2003 than during 2004–2008 and did not continue from 2007 to 2008 (Table 16).
2000-2009, Selected States